Non-Communicable Disease Preventive Screening by HIV Care Model

DSpace/Manakin Repository

Non-Communicable Disease Preventive Screening by HIV Care Model

Citable link to this page


Title: Non-Communicable Disease Preventive Screening by HIV Care Model
Author: Rhodes, Corinne M.; Chang, Yuchiao; Regan, Susan; Triant, Virginia A.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Rhodes, Corinne M., Yuchiao Chang, Susan Regan, and Virginia A. Triant. 2017. “Non-Communicable Disease Preventive Screening by HIV Care Model.” PLoS ONE 12 (1): e0169246. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0169246.
Full Text & Related Files:
Abstract: Importance The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic has evolved, with an increasing non-communicable disease (NCD) burden emerging and need for long-term management, yet there are limited data to help delineate the optimal care model to screen for NCDs for this patient population. Objective: The primary aim was to compare rates of NCD preventive screening in persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) by type of HIV care model, focusing on metabolic/cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer screening. We hypothesized that primary care models that included generalists would have higher preventive screening rates. Design: Prospective observational cohort study. Setting: Partners HealthCare System (PHS) encompassing Brigham & Women’s Hospital, Massachusetts General Hospital, and affiliated community health centers. Participants: PLWHA age >18 engaged in active primary care at PHS. Exposure HIV care model categorized as infectious disease (ID) providers only, generalist providers only, or ID plus generalist providers. Main Outcome(s) and Measures(s) Odds of screening for metabolic/CVD outcomes including hypertension (HTN), obesity, hyperlipidemia (HL), and diabetes (DM) and cancer including colorectal cancer (CRC), cervical cancer, and breast cancer. Results: In a cohort of 1565 PLWHA, distribution by HIV care model was 875 ID (56%), 90 generalists (6%), and 600 ID plus generalists (38%). Patients in the generalist group had lower odds of viral suppression but similar CD4 counts and ART exposure as compared with ID and ID plus generalist groups. In analyses adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical covariates and clustering within provider, there were no significant differences in metabolic/CVD or cancer screening rates among the three HIV care models. Conclusions: There were no notable differences in metabolic/CVD or cancer screening rates by HIV care model after adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical factors. These findings suggest that HIV patients receive similar preventive health care for NCDs independent of HIV care model.
Published Version: doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0169246
Other Sources:
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at
Citable link to this page:
Downloads of this work:

Show full Dublin Core record

This item appears in the following Collection(s)


Search DASH

Advanced Search