Discovery of Radio Afterglow from the Most Distant Cosmic Explosion
Frail, Dale A.
Cenko, S. Bradley
Bock, Douglas C.-J.
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CitationChandra, Poonam, Dale A. Frail, Derek Fox, Shrinivas Kulkarni, Edo Berger, S. Bradley Cenko, Douglas C.-J. Bock, Fiona Harrsion, and Mansi Kasliwal. 2010. Discovery of Radio Afterglow from the Most Distant Cosmic Explosion. The Astrophysical Journal 712, no. 1: L31–L35. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/712/1/l31.
AbstractWe report the discovery of radio afterglow emission from the gamma-ray burst GRB 090423, which exploded at a redshift of 8.3, making it the object with the highest known redshift in the Universe. By combining our radio measurements with existing X-ray and infrared observations, we estimate the kinetic energy of the afterglow, the geometry of the outflow and the density of the circumburst medium. Our best fit model is a quasi-spherical, high-energy explosion in a low, constant-density medium. GRB 090423 had a similar energy release to the other well-studied high redshift GRB 050904 (z = 6.26), but their circumburst densities differ by two orders of magnitude. We compare the properties of GRB 090423 with a sample of GRBs at moderate redshifts. We find that the high energy and afterglow properties of GRB 090423 are not sufficiently different from other GRBs to suggest a different kind of progenitor, such as a Population III star. However, we argue that it is not clear that the afterglow properties alone can provide convincing identification of Population III progenitors. We suggest that the millimeter and centimeter radio detections of GRB 090423 at early times contained emission from a reverse shock component. This has important implications for the detection of high redshift GRBs by the next generation of radio facilities.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:30410826
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