An R-Process Kilonova Associated With the Short-Hard Grb 130603b

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An R-Process Kilonova Associated With the Short-Hard Grb 130603b

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Title: An R-Process Kilonova Associated With the Short-Hard Grb 130603b
Author: Berger, Edo; Fong, W; Chornock, R

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Berger, E., W. Fong, and R. Chornock. 2013. An R-Process Kilonova Associated With the Short-Hard Grb 130603b. The Astrophysical Journal 774, no. 2: L23. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/774/2/l23.
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Abstract: We present ground-based optical and Hubble Space Telescope optical and near-IR observations of the shorthard GRB 130603B at z = 0.356, which demonstrate the presence of excess near-IR emission matching the expected brightness and color of an r-process powered transient (a “kilonova”). The early afterglow fades rapidly with α . −2.6 at t ≈ 8 − 32 hr post-burst and has a spectral index of β ≈ −1.5 (Fν ∝ tανβ), leading to an expected near-IR brightness at the time of the first HST observation of mF160W(t = 9.4d) & 29.3 AB mag. Instead, the detected source has mF160W = 25.8±0.2 AB mag, corresponding to a rest-frame absolute magnitude of MJ ≈ −15.2 mag. The upper limit in the HST optical observations is mF606W & 27.7 AB mag (3σ), indicating an unusually red color of V − H & 1.9 mag. Comparing the observed near-IR luminosity to theoretical models of kilonovae produced by ejecta from the merger of an NS-NS or NS-BH binary, we infer an ejecta mass of Mej ≈ 0.03 − 0.08 M⊙ for vej ≈ 0.1 − 0.3c. The inferred mass matches the expectations from numerical merger simulations. The presence of a kilonova provides the strongest evidence to date that short GRBs are produced by compact object mergers, and provides initial insight on the ejected mass and the primary role that compact object merger may play in the r-process. Equally important, it demonstrates that gravitational wave sources detected by Advanced LIGO/Virgo will be accompanied by optical/near-IR counterparts with unusually red colors, detectable by existing and upcoming large wide-field facilities (e.g., Pan-STARRS, DECam, Subaru, LSST).
Published Version: doi:10.1088/2041-8205/774/2/l23
Other Sources: https://arxiv.org/abs/1306.3960
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Open Access Policy Articles, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#OAP
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:30496607
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