Neoproterozoic Variations in the C-isotopic Composition of Seawater: Stratigraphic and Biogeochemical Implications
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Kaufman, Alan J.
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CitationKaufman, Alan J., and Andrew H. Knoll. 1995. Neoproterozoic variations in the c-isotopic composition of seawater - stratigraphic and biogeochemical implications. Precambrian Research 73, no. 1-4: 27-49.
AbstractThe recent proliferation of stratigraphic studies of δ13C variation in carbonates and organic C in later Neoproterozoic and basal Cambrian successions (similar to 850-530 Ma) indicates a strong oscillating trend in the C-isotopic composition of surface seawater. Alone, this trend does not adequately characterize discrete intervals in Neoproterozoic time. However, integrated with the vectorial signals provided by fossils and Sr-isotopic variations, C isotope chemostratigraphy facilitates the interbasinal correlation of later Neoproterozoic successions. Results of these studies are evaluated in terms of four stratigraphic intervals: (1) the Precambrian/Cambrian boundary, (2) the post-Varanger terminal Proterozoic, (3) the late Cryogenian, and (4) the early Cryogenian. Where biostratigraphic or radiometric data constrain the age of Neoproterozoic sedimentary sequences, secular variations in C and Sr isotopes can provide a level of stratigraphic resolution exceeding that provided by fossils alone. Isotopic data place strong constraints on the chemical evolution of seawater, linking it to major tectonic and paleoclimatic events. They also provide a biogeochemical framework for the understanding of the initial radiation of macroscopic metazoans, which is associated stratigraphically, and perhaps causally, with a global increase in the burial of organic C and a concomitant rise of atmospheric O2.
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