Structural environment built by AKAP12+ colon mesenchymal cells drives M2 macrophages during inflammation recovery

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Structural environment built by AKAP12+ colon mesenchymal cells drives M2 macrophages during inflammation recovery

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Title: Structural environment built by AKAP12+ colon mesenchymal cells drives M2 macrophages during inflammation recovery
Author: Yang, Jun-Mo; Lee, Hye Shin; Seo, Ji Hae; Park, Ji-Hyeon; Gelman, Irwin H.; Lo, Eng H.; Kim, Kyu-Won

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Citation: Yang, Jun-Mo, Hye Shin Lee, Ji Hae Seo, Ji-Hyeon Park, Irwin H. Gelman, Eng H. Lo, and Kyu-Won Kim. 2017. “Structural environment built by AKAP12+ colon mesenchymal cells drives M2 macrophages during inflammation recovery.” Scientific Reports 7 (1): 42723. doi:10.1038/srep42723. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep42723.
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Abstract: Macrophages exhibit phenotypic plasticity, as they have the ability to switch their functional phenotypes during inflammation and recovery. Simultaneously, the mechanical environment actively changes. However, how these dynamic alterations affect the macrophage phenotype is unknown. Here, we observed that the extracellular matrix (ECM) constructed by AKAP12+ colon mesenchymal cells (CMCs) generated M2 macrophages by regulating their shape during recovery. Notably, rounded macrophages were present in the linear and loose ECM of inflamed colons and polarized to the M1 phenotype. In contrast, ramified macrophages emerged in the contracted ECM of recovering colons and mainly expressed M2 macrophage markers. These contracted structures were not observed in the inflamed colons of AKAP12 knockout (KO) mice. Consequently, the proportion of M2 macrophages in inflamed colons was lower in AKAP12 KO mice than in WT mice. In addition, clinical symptoms and histological damage were more severe in AKAP12 KO mice than in WT mice. In experimentally remodeled collagen gels, WT CMCs drove the formation of a more compacted structure than AKAP12 KO CMCs, which promoted the polarization of macrophages toward an M2 phenotype. These results demonstrated that tissue contraction during recovery provides macrophages with the physical cues that drive M2 polarization.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/srep42723
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5311874/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:31731695
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