Thyroid Progenitors Are Robustly Derived from Embryonic Stem Cells through Transient, Developmental Stage-Specific Overexpression of Nkx2-1

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Thyroid Progenitors Are Robustly Derived from Embryonic Stem Cells through Transient, Developmental Stage-Specific Overexpression of Nkx2-1

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Title: Thyroid Progenitors Are Robustly Derived from Embryonic Stem Cells through Transient, Developmental Stage-Specific Overexpression of Nkx2-1
Author: Dame, Keri; Cincotta, Steven; Lang, Alex H.; Sanghrajka, Reeti M.; Zhang, Liye; Choi, Jinyoung; Kwok, Letty; Wilson, Talitha; Kańduła, Maciej M.; Monti, Stefano; Hollenberg, Anthony N.; Mehta, Pankaj; Kotton, Darrell N.; Ikonomou, Laertis

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Dame, K., S. Cincotta, A. H. Lang, R. M. Sanghrajka, L. Zhang, J. Choi, L. Kwok, et al. 2017. “Thyroid Progenitors Are Robustly Derived from Embryonic Stem Cells through Transient, Developmental Stage-Specific Overexpression of Nkx2-1.” Stem Cell Reports 8 (2): 216-225. doi:10.1016/j.stemcr.2016.12.024. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.stemcr.2016.12.024.
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Abstract: Summary The clinical importance of anterior foregut endoderm (AFE) derivatives, such as thyrocytes, has led to intense research efforts for their derivation through directed differentiation of pluripotent stem cells (PSCs). Here, we identify transient overexpression of the transcription factor (TF) NKX2-1 as a powerful inductive signal for the robust derivation of thyrocyte-like cells from mouse PSC-derived AFE. This effect is highly developmental stage specific and dependent on FOXA2 expression levels and precise modulation of BMP and FGF signaling. The majority of the resulting cells express thyroid TFs (Nkx2-1, Pax8, Foxe1, Hhex) and thyroid hormone synthesis-related genes (Tg, Tpo, Nis, Iyd) at levels similar to adult mouse thyroid and give rise to functional follicle-like epithelial structures in Matrigel culture. Our findings demonstrate that NKX2-1 overexpression converts AFE to thyroid epithelium in a developmental time-sensitive manner and suggest a general methodology for manipulation of cell-fate decisions of developmental intermediates.
Published Version: doi:10.1016/j.stemcr.2016.12.024
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5312259/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:31731756
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