Genomic insights into the origin of farming in the ancient Near East

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Genomic insights into the origin of farming in the ancient Near East

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dc.contributor.author Lazaridis, Iosif en_US
dc.contributor.author Nadel, Dani en_US
dc.contributor.author Rollefson, Gary en_US
dc.contributor.author Merrett, Deborah C. en_US
dc.contributor.author Rohland, Nadin en_US
dc.contributor.author Mallick, Swapan en_US
dc.contributor.author Fernandes, Daniel en_US
dc.contributor.author Novak, Mario en_US
dc.contributor.author Gamarra, Beatriz en_US
dc.contributor.author Sirak, Kendra en_US
dc.contributor.author Connell, Sarah en_US
dc.contributor.author Stewardson, Kristin en_US
dc.contributor.author Harney, Eadaoin en_US
dc.contributor.author Fu, Qiaomei en_US
dc.contributor.author Gonzalez-Fortes, Gloria en_US
dc.contributor.author Jones, Eppie R. en_US
dc.contributor.author Roodenberg, Songül Alpaslan en_US
dc.contributor.author Lengyel, György en_US
dc.contributor.author Bocquentin, Fanny en_US
dc.contributor.author Gasparian, Boris en_US
dc.contributor.author Monge, Janet M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Gregg, Michael en_US
dc.contributor.author Eshed, Vered en_US
dc.contributor.author Mizrahi, Ahuva-Sivan en_US
dc.contributor.author Meiklejohn, Christopher en_US
dc.contributor.author Gerritsen, Fokke en_US
dc.contributor.author Bejenaru, Luminita en_US
dc.contributor.author Blüher, Matthias en_US
dc.contributor.author Campbell, Archie en_US
dc.contributor.author Cavalleri, Gianpiero en_US
dc.contributor.author Comas, David en_US
dc.contributor.author Froguel, Philippe en_US
dc.contributor.author Gilbert, Edmund en_US
dc.contributor.author Kerr, Shona M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Kovacs, Peter en_US
dc.contributor.author Krause, Johannes en_US
dc.contributor.author McGettigan, Darren en_US
dc.contributor.author Merrigan, Michael en_US
dc.contributor.author Merriwether, D. Andrew en_US
dc.contributor.author O'Reilly, Seamus en_US
dc.contributor.author Richards, Martin B. en_US
dc.contributor.author Semino, Ornella en_US
dc.contributor.author Shamoon-Pour, Michel en_US
dc.contributor.author Stefanescu, Gheorghe en_US
dc.contributor.author Stumvoll, Michael en_US
dc.contributor.author Tönjes, Anke en_US
dc.contributor.author Torroni, Antonio en_US
dc.contributor.author Wilson, James F. en_US
dc.contributor.author Yengo, Loic en_US
dc.contributor.author Hovhannisyan, Nelli A. en_US
dc.contributor.author Patterson, Nick en_US
dc.contributor.author Pinhasi, Ron en_US
dc.contributor.author Reich, David en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2017-03-28T23:51:02Z
dc.date.issued 2016 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Lazaridis, I., D. Nadel, G. Rollefson, D. C. Merrett, N. Rohland, S. Mallick, D. Fernandes, et al. 2016. “Genomic insights into the origin of farming in the ancient Near East.” Nature 536 (7617): 419-424. doi:10.1038/nature19310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature19310. en
dc.identifier.issn en
dc.identifier.uri http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:31731830
dc.description.abstract We report genome-wide ancient DNA from 44 ancient Near Easterners ranging in time between ~12,000-1,400 BCE, from Natufian hunter-gatherers to Bronze Age farmers. We show that the earliest populations of the Near East derived around half their ancestry from a ‘Basal Eurasian’ lineage that had little if any Neanderthal admixture and that separated from other non-African lineages prior to their separation from each other. The first farmers of the southern Levant (Israel and Jordan) and Zagros Mountains (Iran) were strongly genetically differentiated, and each descended from local hunter-gatherers. By the time of the Bronze Age, these two populations and Anatolian-related farmers had mixed with each other and with the hunter-gatherers of Europe to drastically reduce genetic differentiation. The impact of the Near Eastern farmers extended beyond the Near East: farmers related to those of Anatolia spread westward into Europe; farmers related to those of the Levant spread southward into East Africa; farmers related to those from Iran spread northward into the Eurasian steppe; and people related to both the early farmers of Iran and to the pastoralists of the Eurasian steppe spread eastward into South Asia. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.relation.isversionof doi:10.1038/nature19310 en
dc.relation.hasversion http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5003663/pdf/ en
dash.license LAA en_US
dc.title Genomic insights into the origin of farming in the ancient Near East en
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.description.version Version of Record en
dc.relation.journal Nature en
dash.depositing.author Lazaridis, Iosif en_US
dc.date.available 2017-03-28T23:51:02Z

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