Genomic insights into the origin of farming in the ancient Near East

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Genomic insights into the origin of farming in the ancient Near East

Show simple item record Lazaridis, Iosif en_US Nadel, Dani en_US Rollefson, Gary en_US Merrett, Deborah C. en_US Rohland, Nadin en_US Mallick, Swapan en_US Fernandes, Daniel en_US Novak, Mario en_US Gamarra, Beatriz en_US Sirak, Kendra en_US Connell, Sarah en_US Stewardson, Kristin en_US Harney, Eadaoin en_US Fu, Qiaomei en_US Gonzalez-Fortes, Gloria en_US Jones, Eppie R. en_US Roodenberg, Songül Alpaslan en_US Lengyel, György en_US Bocquentin, Fanny en_US Gasparian, Boris en_US Monge, Janet M. en_US Gregg, Michael en_US Eshed, Vered en_US Mizrahi, Ahuva-Sivan en_US Meiklejohn, Christopher en_US Gerritsen, Fokke en_US Bejenaru, Luminita en_US Blüher, Matthias en_US Campbell, Archie en_US Cavalleri, Gianpiero en_US Comas, David en_US Froguel, Philippe en_US Gilbert, Edmund en_US Kerr, Shona M. en_US Kovacs, Peter en_US Krause, Johannes en_US McGettigan, Darren en_US Merrigan, Michael en_US Merriwether, D. Andrew en_US O'Reilly, Seamus en_US Richards, Martin B. en_US Semino, Ornella en_US Shamoon-Pour, Michel en_US Stefanescu, Gheorghe en_US Stumvoll, Michael en_US Tönjes, Anke en_US Torroni, Antonio en_US Wilson, James F. en_US Yengo, Loic en_US Hovhannisyan, Nelli A. en_US Patterson, Nick en_US Pinhasi, Ron en_US Reich, David en_US 2017-03-28T23:51:02Z 2016 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Lazaridis, I., D. Nadel, G. Rollefson, D. C. Merrett, N. Rohland, S. Mallick, D. Fernandes, et al. 2016. “Genomic insights into the origin of farming in the ancient Near East.” Nature 536 (7617): 419-424. doi:10.1038/nature19310. en
dc.identifier.issn en
dc.description.abstract We report genome-wide ancient DNA from 44 ancient Near Easterners ranging in time between ~12,000-1,400 BCE, from Natufian hunter-gatherers to Bronze Age farmers. We show that the earliest populations of the Near East derived around half their ancestry from a ‘Basal Eurasian’ lineage that had little if any Neanderthal admixture and that separated from other non-African lineages prior to their separation from each other. The first farmers of the southern Levant (Israel and Jordan) and Zagros Mountains (Iran) were strongly genetically differentiated, and each descended from local hunter-gatherers. By the time of the Bronze Age, these two populations and Anatolian-related farmers had mixed with each other and with the hunter-gatherers of Europe to drastically reduce genetic differentiation. The impact of the Near Eastern farmers extended beyond the Near East: farmers related to those of Anatolia spread westward into Europe; farmers related to those of the Levant spread southward into East Africa; farmers related to those from Iran spread northward into the Eurasian steppe; and people related to both the early farmers of Iran and to the pastoralists of the Eurasian steppe spread eastward into South Asia. en
dc.language.iso en_US en
dc.relation.isversionof doi:10.1038/nature19310 en
dc.relation.hasversion en
dash.license LAA en_US
dc.title Genomic insights into the origin of farming in the ancient Near East en
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.description.version Version of Record en
dc.relation.journal Nature en Lazaridis, Iosif en_US 2017-03-28T23:51:02Z

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