Bringing in the Experts: How Team Composition and Collaborative Planning Jointly Shape Analytic Effectiveness
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Woolley, Anita Williams
Gerbasi, Margaret E.
Hackman, J. Richard
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CitationWoolley, Anita Williams, Margaret E. Gerbasi, Christopher F. Chabris, Stephen M. Kosslyn, and J. Richard Hackman. 2008. Bringing in the experts - How team composition and collaborative planning jointly shape analytic effectiveness. Small Group Research 39(3): 352-371.
AbstractThis study investigates the separate and joint effects of the inclusion of experts and collaborative planning on the performance of analytic teams. Teams either did or did not include members with expert-level task-relevant cognitive abilities, and either did or did not receive an intervention that fostered collaborative planning. Results support the authors' hypothesis that analytic performance requires both task-appropriate expertise and collaborative planning to identify strategies for optimally using that expertise. Indeed, high expertise in the absence of collaborative planning actually decreased team performance. Teams engaging in collaborative planning were more likely to effectively integrate their information on key aspects of the analytic problem, which significantly enhanced their analytic performance. Furthermore, information integration mediated the effects of the interaction of expertise and collaboration on performance. The implications of the findings for the optimal use of team member skills and the development of team performance strategies are discussed.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:3203262
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