The Carbon-Isotopic Composition of Proterozoic Carbonates: Riphean Successions from Northwestern Siberia (Anabar Massif, Turukhansk Uplift)
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Kaufman, Alan J.
Semikhatov, Mikhail A.
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CitationKnoll, Andrew H., Alan J. Kaufman, and Mikhail A. Semikhatov. 1995. The carbon-isotopic composition of Proterozoic carbonates: Riphean successions from northwestern Siberia (Anabar Massif, Turukhansk Uplift). American Journal of Science 295(7): 823-850.
AbstractThick carbonate-dominated successions in northwestern Siberia document secular variations in the C-isotopic composition of seawater through Mesoproterozoic and early Neoproterozoic (Early to early Late Riphean) time, Mesoproterozoic dolomites of the Billyakh Group, Anabar Massif, have delta(13)C values that fall between 0 and -1.9 permil versus PDB, with values in the upper part of the succession (Yusmastakh Formation) consistently higher than those of the lower (Ust'-Il'ya and Kotuikan formations), Consistent with available biostratigraphic and radiometric data, delta(13)C values for Billyakh carbonates compare closely with those characterizing early Mesoproterozoic carbonates (about 1600-1200 Ma) worldwide. In contrast, late Mesoproterozoic to early Neoproterozoic limestones and dolomites in the Turukhansk Uplift exhibit moderate levels of secular variation. Only the lowermost carbonates in the Turukhansk succession (Linok Formation) have delta(13)C values that approximate Billyakh values. Higher in the Turukhansk succession, delta(13)C values vary from -2.7 to +4.6 permil (with outliers as low as -5.0 permil interpreted as diagentically altered). Again, consistent with paleontological and radiometric data, these values compare well with isotopic values from 1200 to 850 Ma successions elsewhere. Five sections measured in different parts of the Turukhansk basin show nearly identical patterns of variation, confirming that carbonate delta(13)C correlates primarily with time and not facies. The Siberian sections illustrate the potential of integrated biostratigraphic and chemostratigraphic data in the intra- and interbasinal correlation of Mesoproterozoic and early Neoproterozoic rocks.
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