Inosine attenuates spontaneous activity in the rat neurogenic bladder through an A2B pathway
Lukianov, Stefan N.
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CitationDoyle, Claire, Vivian Cristofaro, Bryan S. Sack, Stefan N. Lukianov, Mattias Schäfer, Yeun Goo Chung, Maryrose P. Sullivan, and Rosalyn M. Adam. 2017. “Inosine attenuates spontaneous activity in the rat neurogenic bladder through an A2B pathway.” Scientific Reports 7 (1): 44416. doi:10.1038/srep44416. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep44416.
AbstractNeurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) is among the most challenging complications of spinal cord injury (SCI). A recent report by us demonstrated an improvement in NDO in SCI rats following chronic systemic treatment with the purine nucleoside inosine. The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanism of action of inosine underlying improvement of NDO. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent complete spinal cord transection at T8. Inosine (1 mM) delivered intravesically to SCI rats during conscious cystometry significantly decreased the frequency of spontaneous non-voiding contractions. In isolated tissue assays, inosine (1 mM) significantly decreased the amplitude of spontaneous activity (SA) in SCI bladder muscle strips. This effect was prevented by a pan-adenosine receptor antagonist CGS15943, but not by A1 or A3 receptor antagonists. The A2A antagonist ZM241385 and A2B antagonist PSB603 prevented the effect of inosine. The effect of inosine was mimicked by the adenosine receptor agonist NECA and the A2B receptor agonist BAY60-6583. The inhibition of SA by inosine was not observed in the presence of the BK antagonist, iberiotoxin, but persisted in the presence of KATP and SK antagonists. These findings demonstrate that inosine acts via an A2B receptor-mediated pathway that impinges on specific potassium channel effectors.
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