Red hair, MC1R variants, and risk for Parkinson's disease – a meta‐analysis
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CitationChen, Xiqun, Danielle Feng, Michael A. Schwarzschild, and Xiang Gao. 2017. “Red hair, MC1R variants, and risk for Parkinson's disease – a meta‐analysis.” Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology 4 (3): 212-216. doi:10.1002/acn3.381. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acn3.381.
AbstractAbstract Several studies have been conducted with mixed results since our initial report of increased Parkinson's disease risk in individuals with red hair and/or red hair‐associated p.R151C variant of the MC1R gene, both of which confer high melanoma risk. We performed a meta‐analysis of six publications on red hair, MC1R, and Parkinson's disease. We found that red hair (pooled odds ratios = 1.68, 95% confidence intervals: 1.07, 2.64) and p.R151C (pooled odds ratios = 1.10, 95% confidence intervals: 1.00, 1.21), but not p.R160W, were associated with greater risk for Parkinson's disease. Our results support potential roles of pigmentation and its key regulator MC1R in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease.
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