The Legalization of the Workplace

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The Legalization of the Workplace

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Title: The Legalization of the Workplace
Author: Scott, W Richard; Meyer, John W.; Dobbin, Frank; Sutton, John R.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Sutton, John R., Frank Dobbin, John W. Meyer, and W. Richard Scott. 1994. The legalization of the workplace. American Journal of Sociology 99, no. 4: 944-971.
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Abstract: This study uses longitudinal data on nearly 300 American employers over the period 1955-85 to analyze the adoption of disciplinary hearings and grievance procedures for nonunion salaried and hourly employees. Hypotheses are developed from an institutional perspective that focuses, first, on uncertainty arising from government mandates concerning equal employment opportunity and affirmative action and, second, on the role of the human relations professions in constructing employment-relations law and prescribing models of compliance. Event-history techniques are used to test these hypotheses against competing arguments concerning the internal structure and labor market position of employing organizations. Results on all outcomes strongly support the institutionalist model.
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