Ion-beam synthesis and thermal stability of highly tin-concentrated germanium – tin alloys
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CitationTran, Tuan T., Hemi H. Gandhi, David Pastor, Michael J. Aziz, and J.S. Williams. 2017. “Ion-Beam Synthesis and Thermal Stability of Highly Tin-Concentrated Germanium – Tin Alloys.” Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing 62 (May): 192–195. doi:10.1016/j.mssp.2016.10.049.
AbstractA 9 at% Sn Ge-Sn alloy of good crystalline quality has been achieved by ion implantation followed by pulsed laser melting and resolidification. The concentration and crystallinity of the alloys are fully characterised by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and Raman spectroscopy. At high Sn concentrations, oxygen intermixing from a capping oxide layer, which is used to prevent ion-beam induced porosity, can interfere with the solidification process and compromise overall crystal quality. This indicates that the near surface layer containing oxygen after ion implantation must be removed before pulsed laser melting in order to obtain good crystal quality. The alloy's crystallinity is thermally stable under annealing up to View the MathML source for View the MathML source. This thermal budget is comparable to that of Ge-Sn produced by conventional MBE or CVD methods and suitable for subsequent device fabrication and post-processing.
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