Validation of 10-year SAO OMI Ozone Profile (PROFOZ) Product Using Ozonesonde Observations

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Validation of 10-year SAO OMI Ozone Profile (PROFOZ) Product Using Ozonesonde Observations

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Title: Validation of 10-year SAO OMI Ozone Profile (PROFOZ) Product Using Ozonesonde Observations
Author: Huang, Guanyu; Liu, Xiong; Chance, Kelly V.; Yang, Kai; Bhartia, Pawan K.; Cai, Zhaonan; Allaart, Marc; Calpini, Bertrand; Coetzee, Gerrie J. R.; Cuevas-Agulló, Emilio; Cupeiro, Manuel; De Backer, Hugo; Dubey, Manvendra K.; Fuelberg, Henry E.; Fujiwara, Masatomo; Godin-Beekmann, Sophie; Hall, Tristan J.; Johnson, Bryan; Joseph, Everette; Kivi, Rigel; Kois, Bogumil; Komala, Ninong; König-Langlo, Gert; Laneve, Giovanni; Leblanc, Thierry; Marchand, Marion; Minschwaner, Kenneth R.; Morris, Gary; Newchurch, Mike J.; Ogino, Shin-Ya; Ohkawara, Nozomu; Piters, Ankie J. M.; Posny, Françoise; Querel, Richard; Scheele, Rinus; Schmidlin, Frank J.; Schnell, Russell C.; Schrems, Otto; Selkirk, Henry; Shiotani, Masato; Skrivánková, Pavla; Stübi, René; Taha, Ghassan; Tarasick, David W.; Thompson, Anne M.; Thouret, Valérie; Tully, Matt; van Malderen, Roeland; Vaughan, Geraint; Vömel, Holger; von der Gathen, Peter; Witte, Jacquelyn C.; Yela, Margarita

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Citation: Huang, Guanyu, Xiong Liu, Kelly Chance, Kai Yang, Pawan K. Bhartia, Zhaonan Cai, Marc Allaart, et al. 2017. “Validation of 10-Year SAO OMI Ozone Profile (PROFOZ) Product Using Ozonesonde Observations.” Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions (February 15): 1–47. doi:10.5194/amt-2017-15.
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Abstract: We validate the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) ozone-profile (PROFOZ) product from October 2004 through December 2014 retrieved by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) algorithm against ozonesonde observations. We also evaluate the effects of OMI Row anomaly (RA) on the retrieval by dividing the data set into before and after the occurrence of serious OMI RA, i.e., pre-RA (2004-2008) and post-RA (2009-2014). The retrieval shows good agreement with ozonesondes in the tropics and mid-latitudes and for pressure < ~50 hPa in the high latitudes. It demonstrates clear improvement over the a priori down to the lower troposphere in the tropics and down to an average of ~550 (300) hPa at middle (high latitudes). In the tropics and mid-latitudes, the profile mean biases (MBs) are less than 6%, and the standard deviations (SDs) range from 5-10% for pressure < ~50 hPa to less than 18% (27%) in the tropics (midlatitudes) for pressure > ~50 hPa after applying OMI averaging kernels to ozonesonde data. The MBs of the stratospheric ozone column (SOC) are within 2% with SDs of < 5% and the MBs of the tropospheric ozone column (TOC) are within 6% with SDs of 15%. In the high latitudes, the profile MBs are within 10% with SDs of 5-15% for pressure < ~50 hPa, but increase to 30% with SDs as great as 40% for pressure > ~50 hPa. The SOC MBs increase up to 3% with SDs as great as 6% and the TOC SDs increase up to 30%. The comparison generally degrades at larger solarzenith angles (SZA) due to weaker signals and additional sources of error, leading to worse performance at high latitudes and during the mid-latitude winter. Agreement also degrades with increasing cloudiness for pressure > ~100 hPa and varies with cross-track position, especially with large MBs and SDs at extreme off-nadir positions. In the tropics and mid-latitudes, the post-RA comparison is considerably worse with larger SDs reaching 2% in the stratosphere and 8% in the troposphere and up to 6% in TOC. There are systematic differences that vary with latitude compared to the pre-RA comparison. The retrieval comparison demonstrates good long-term stability during the pre-RA period, but exhibits a statistically significant trend of 0.14-0.7%/year for pressure < ~ 80 hPa, 0.7 DU/year in SOC and -0.33 DU/year in TOC during the post-RA period. The spatiotemporal variation of retrieval performance suggests the need to improve OMI’s radiometric calibration especially during the post-RA period to maintain the long-term stability and reduce the latitude/season/SZA and cross-track dependence of retrieval quality.
Published Version: doi:10.5194/amt-2017-15
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