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dc.contributor.authorSampson, Robert
dc.contributor.authorRaudenbush, Stephen W.
dc.date.accessioned2009-08-27T16:51:45Z
dc.date.issued1999
dc.identifier.citationSampson, Robert J. and Stephen W. Raudenbush. 1999. Systematic social observation of public spaces: A new look at disorder in urban neighborhoods. American Journal of Sociology 105, no. 3: 603-651.en
dc.identifier.issn0002-9602en
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:3226951
dc.description.abstractThis article assesses the sources and consequences of public disorder. Based on the videotaping and systematic rating of more than 23,000 street segments in Chicago, highly reliable scales of social and physical disorder for 196 neighborhoods are constructed. Census data, police records, and an independent survey of more than 3,500 residents are then integrated to test a theory of collective efficacy and structural constraints. Defined as cohesion among residents combined with shared expectations for the social control of public space, collective efficacy explains lower rates of crime and observed disorder after controlling neighborhood structural characteristics. Collective efficacy is also linked to lower rates of violent crime after accounting for disorder and the reciprocal effects of violence. Contrary to the "broken windows" theory, however, the relationship between public disorder and crime is spurious except perhaps for robbery.en
dc.description.sponsorshipSociologyen
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherUniversity of Chicago Pressen
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1086/210356en
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.wjh.harvard.edu/soc/faculty/sampson/articles/1999_AJS_Raudenbush.pdfen
dash.licenseLAA
dc.titleSystematic Social Observation of Public Spaces: A New Look at Disorder in Urban Neighborhoodsen
dc.relation.journalAmerican Journal of Sociologyen
dash.depositing.authorSampson, Robert
dc.data.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1902.1/01951en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1086/210356*
dash.contributor.affiliatedSampson, Robert
dc.identifier.orcid0000-0003-4259-8146


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