An Equilibrium Model of "Global Imbalances" and Low Interest Rates

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An Equilibrium Model of "Global Imbalances" and Low Interest Rates

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Title: An Equilibrium Model of "Global Imbalances" and Low Interest Rates
Author: Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Farhi, Emmanuel; Caballero, Ricardo J.

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Citation: Caballero, Ricardo J., Emmanuel Farhi, and Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas. 2008. An Equilibrium Model of “Global Imbalances” and Low Interest Rates. American Economic Review 98, no. 1: 358-393.
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Abstract: Three of the most important recent facts in global macroeconomics — the sustained rise in the US current account deficit, the stubborn decline in long run real rates, and the rise in the share of US assets in global portfolios — appear as anomalies from the perspective of conventional wisdom and models. Instead, in this paper we provide a model that rationalizes these facts as an equilibrium outcome stemming from the heterogenity in different regions of the world in their capacity to generate financial assets from real investments. In extensions of the basic model, we also generate exchange rate and FDI excess returns which are broadly consistent with the recent trends in these variables. Beyond the specific sequence of events that motivate our analysis, the framework is flexible enough to shed light on a range of scenarios in a global equilibrium environment.
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