Left Atrial Passive Emptying Function Determined by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Predicts Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence After Pulmonary Vein Isolation

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Left Atrial Passive Emptying Function Determined by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Predicts Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence After Pulmonary Vein Isolation

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Title: Left Atrial Passive Emptying Function Determined by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Predicts Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence After Pulmonary Vein Isolation
Author: Dodson, J; Neilan, Tomas G; Shah, Ravi Vikram; Farhad, H.; Blankstein, Ron; Steigner, Michael L.; Michaud, Gregory F.; John, Roy Mattathu; Abbasi, Siddique Akbar; Jerosch-Herold, Michael; Kwong, Raymond Yan-Kit

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Dodson, J. A., T. G. Neilan, R. V. Shah, H. Farhad, R. Blankstein, M. Steigner, G. F. Michaud, et al. 2014. “Left Atrial Passive Emptying Function Determined by Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Predicts Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence After Pulmonary Vein Isolation.” Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging 7 (4) (June 5): 586–592. doi:10.1161/circimaging.113.001472.
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Abstract: Background

While pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) has become a mainstream therapy for selected patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), late recurrent AF is common and its risk factors remain poorly defined. The purpose of our study was to test the hypothesis that reduced left atrial passive emptying function (LAPEF) as determined by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has a strong association with late recurrent AF following PVI.

Methods and Results

346 AF patients referred for CMR PV mapping prior to PVI were included. Maximum LA volumes (VOLmax) and volumes before atrial contraction (VOLbac) were measured; LAPEF was calculated as (VOLmax − VOLbac)/VOLmax × 100. Kaplan-Meier curves were constructed to determine late recurrent AF stratified by LAPEF quintile. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to adjust for known markers of recurrence. Over a median follow-up of 27 months, 124 patients (35.8%) experienced late recurrent AF. Patients with recurrence were more likely to have non-paroxysmal AF (75.8% vs. 51.4%, P<0.01), higher mean VOLmax (60.2 ml/m2 vs. 52.8 ml/m2, P<0.01), and lower mean LAPEF (19.1% vs. 26.0%, P<0.01). Patients in the lowest LAPEF quintile were at highest risk of developing recurrent AF (two-year recurrence lowest vs. highest: 60.5% vs. 17.3%, P<0.01). After adjusting for known predictors of recurrence, patients with low LAPEF remained significantly more likely to recur (HR lowest vs. highest quintile = 3.92, 95% CI 2.01–7.65).

Conclusion

We found a strong association between LAPEF and recurrent AF after PVI that persisted after multivariable adjustment.
Published Version: 10.1161/circimaging.113.001472
Other Sources: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4219259/
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:32415314
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