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dc.contributor.advisorSchwartz, Joelen_US
dc.contributor.authorShi, Liuhuaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-08T18:22:48Z
dc.date.created2016-11en_US
dc.date.issued2016-10-03en_US
dc.date.submitted2016en_US
dc.identifier.citationShi, Liuhua. 2016. Estimating Health Effects of Temperature and pm2.5 Using Satellite-Retrieved High-Resolution Exposures. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:32644534
dc.description.abstractHuman activities emit greenhouse gases (GHGs) and air pollutants, which would affect the environment and in turn affect human health. Accurate estimate of the health effects requires high resolution exposure data of environmental stressors, such as air temperature (Ta) and fine particulate matter (PM2.5). The availability of those exposure data, however, is usually limited by sparsely distributed ground-based monitoring network. Therefore, the first chapter estimates Ta at a fine scale on a daily basis by incorporating satellite-based remote sensing data. Satellite can provide a global daily estimate of 1 km × 1 km surface temperature (Ts), which is correlated with Ta. Hence, a statistical calibration approach between Ta and Ts was used to retrieve daily mean Ta at1 km resolution for the Southeastern United States for the years 2000 to 2014. The second chapter investigates the chronic effects of temperature and temperature variability on mortality in New England, by using the satellite-retrieved daily mean Ta estimated from previous studies similar to our first chapter. Our findings indicate that the variability of atmospheric temperature emerges as a key factor of the potential health impacts of climate change. The last chapter examines the association between low-concentration PM2.5 and mortality in New England, by using the satellite-retrieved PM2.5 estimates. Our findings suggest that adverse health effects occur at low levels of fine particles, even for levels not exceeding the newly revised EPA standards.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dash.licenseLAAen_US
dc.subjectHealth Sciences, Epidemiologyen_US
dc.titleEstimating Health Effects of Temperature and pm2.5 Using Satellite-Retrieved High-Resolution Exposuresen_US
dc.typeThesis or Dissertationen_US
dash.depositing.authorShi, Liuhuaen_US
dc.date.available2017-05-08T18:22:48Z
thesis.degree.date2016en_US
thesis.degree.grantorHarvard T.H. Chan School of Public Healthen_US
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Science (SD)en_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberKoutrakis, Petrosen_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberCoull, Brenten_US
dc.type.materialtexten_US
thesis.degree.departmentEnvironmental Healthen_US
dash.identifier.vireohttp://etds.lib.harvard.edu/hsph/admin/view/134en_US
dc.description.keywordsClimate change; Air pollution; Mortality; Satelliteen_US
dash.author.email945465209@qq.comen_US
dash.contributor.affiliatedShi, Liuhua


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