Time and Diffusion Lesion Size in Major Anterior Circulation Ischemic Strokes
Papini, G. D. E.
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CitationHakimelahi, R., B. A. Vachha, W. A. Copen, G. D. E. Papini, J. He, M. M. Higazi, M. H. Lev, et al. 2014. Time and Diffusion Lesion Size in Major Anterior Circulation Ischemic Strokes. Stroke 45, no. 10: 2936–2941. doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.114.005644
AbstractBackground: Major anterior circulation ischemic strokes caused by occlusion of the distal internal carotid artery (ICA) or proximal middle cerebral artery (MCA) or both account for about one-third of ischemic strokes with mostly poor outcomes. These strokes are treatable by IV-tPA and endovascular methods. However, dynamics of infarct growth in these strokes are poorly documented. The purpose was to help understand infarct growth dynamics by measuring acute infarct size with DWI at known times after stroke onset in patients with documented ICA/MCA occlusions. Methods: Retrospectively, we included 47 consecutive patients with documented ICA/MCA occlusions who underwent DWI within 30h of stroke onset. Prospectively, 139 patients were identified using the same inclusion criteria. DWI lesion volumes were measured and correlated to time since stroke onset. Perfusion data was reviewed in those who underwent perfusion imaging. Results: Acute infarct volumes ranged from 0.41-318.3ml. Infarct size and time did not correlate (R2=0.001). The majority of patients had DWI lesions that were less than 25% the territory at risk (<70ml) whether they were imaged < or >8h after stroke onset. DWI lesions corresponded to areas of greatly reduced perfusion. Conclusions: Poor correlation between infarct volume and time after stroke onset suggests that there are factors more powerful than time in determining infarct size within the first 30h. The observations suggest that highly variable cerebral perfusion via the collateral circulation may primarily determine infarct growth dynamics. If verified, clinical implications include the possibility of treating many patients outside traditional time windows.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:32680457
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