ROS1 Immunohistochemistry for Detection of ROS1-Rearranged Lung Adenocarcinomas
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CitationSholl, Lynette M., Heather Sun, Mohit Butaney, Chengsheng Zhang, Charles Lee, Pasi A. Jänne, and Scott J. Rodig. 2013. “ROS1 Immunohistochemistry for Detection of ROS1-Rearranged Lung Adenocarcinomas.” The American Journal of Surgical Pathology 37 (9) (September): 1441–1449. doi:10.1097/pas.0b013e3182960fa7.
AbstractROS1 gene rearrangements are reported in 1–2% of lung adenocarcinomas (ACA) and are associated with response to the multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, crizotinib. ROS1 rearrangements can be detected using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) however immunohistochemistry (IHC) for ROS1 protein is a promising alternate screening modality. In this study we examine the correlation between ROS1 IHC and FISH and describe the clinicopathologic characteristics of ROS1-rearranged lung tumors. ROS1 IHC was performed using clone D4D6 (Cell Signaling Technology, Danvers, MA) on whole tissue sections. In a validation cohort, IHC was compared to ROS1 break-apart FISH in 53 cases of lung ACA enriched for an absence of known genetic alterations and never-smoking status. In a screening cohort, we performed ROS1 IHC on 167 consecutive cases of lung ACA from a routine molecular diagnostics practice and confirmed positive results by FISH. In the validation cohort, 6 cases (11%) were both FISH and IHC positive. One FISH-negative case was strongly ROS1 IHC positive. All IHC negative cases were FISH negative. In the screening cohort, 2 of 167 (1.2%) had strong, diffuse ROS1 protein expression; a rearrangement was confirmed by FISH in both. ROS1-translocated tumors were wild type for EGFR, KRAS, and ALK and commonly had solid growth with mucinous/cribriform features and psammomatous calcification. ROS1 protein expression in tumor cells is 100% sensitive and 92% specific for ROS1 rearrangements by FISH. ROS1 IHC is an effective screening tool for this rare but clinically important subset of lung ACA.
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