230 GHz VLBI observations of M87: event-horizon-scale structure at the enhanced very-high-energy γ-ray state in 2012

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230 GHz VLBI observations of M87: event-horizon-scale structure at the enhanced very-high-energy γ-ray state in 2012

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Title: 230 GHz VLBI observations of M87: event-horizon-scale structure at the enhanced very-high-energy γ-ray state in 2012
Author: Akiyama, Kazunori; Lu, Ru-Sen; Fish, Vincent; Doeleman, Sheperd S.; Broderick, Avery; Dexter, Jason; Hada, Kazuhiro; Kino, Motoki; Nagai, Hiroshi; Honma, Mareki; Johnson, Michael D.; Algaba, Juan; Asada, Keiichi; Brinkerink, Christiaan; Blundell, Raymond; Bower, Geoffrey; Cappallo, Roger; Crew, Geoffrey; Dexter, Matt; Dzib, Sergio; Freund, Robert; Friberg, Per; Gurwell, Mark Andrew; Ho, Paul; Inoue, Makoto; Krichbaum, Thomas; Loinard, Laurent; MacMahon, David; Marrone, Daniel; Moran, James M.; Nakamura, Masanori; Nagar, Neil; Ortiz-Leon, Gisela; Plambeck, Richard; Pradel, Nicolas; Primiani, Rurik A.; Rogers, Alan; Roy, Alan; SooHoo, Jason; Tavares, Jonathan-León; Tilanus, Remo; Titus, Michael; Wagner, Jan; Weintroub, Jonathan; Yamaguchi, Paul Isami; Young, Ken Harbour; Zensus, Anton; Ziurys, Lucy

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Akiyama, Kazunori, Ru-Sen Lu, Vincent L. Fish, Sheperd S. Doeleman, Avery E. Broderick, Jason Dexter, Kazuhiro Hada, et al. 2015. “230 GHz VLBI observations of M87: event-horizon-scale structure at the enhanced very-high-energy γ-ray state in 2012.” The Astrophysical Journal 807 (2) (July 9): 150. doi:10.1088/0004-637x/807/2/150.
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Abstract: We report on 230 GHz (1.3 mm) VLBI observations of M87 with the Event Horizon Telescope using antennas on Mauna Kea in Hawaii, Mt. Graham in Arizona and Cedar Flat in California. For the first time, we have acquired 230 GHz VLBI interferometric phase information on M87 through measurement of closure phase on the triangle of long baselines. Most of the measured closure phases are consistent with 0◦ as expected by physically-motivated models for 230 GHz structure such as jet models and accretion disk models. The brightness temperature of the event-horizon-scale structure is ∼ 1 × 1010 K derived from the compact flux density of ∼ 1 Jy and the angular size of ∼ 40 µas ∼ 5.5 Rs, which is broadly consistent with the peak brightness of the radio cores at 1-86 GHz located within ∼ 102 Rs. Our observations occurred in the middle of an enhancement in very-high-energy (VHE) γ-ray flux, presumably originating in the vicinity of the central black hole. Our measurements, combined with results of multi-wavelength observations, favor a scenario in which the VHE region has an extended size of ∼20-60 Rs.
Published Version: 10.1088/0004-637x/807/2/150
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Open Access Policy Articles, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#OAP
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:32749936
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