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dc.contributor.authorYoung, Hillary S.en_US
dc.contributor.authorMcCauley, Douglas J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDirzo, Rodolfoen_US
dc.contributor.authorNunn, Charles L.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCampana, Michael G.en_US
dc.contributor.authorAgwanda, Bernarden_US
dc.contributor.authorOtarola-Castillo, Erik R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCastillo, Eric R.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPringle, Robert M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorVeblen, Kari E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSalkeld, Daniel J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorStewardson, Kristinen_US
dc.contributor.authorFleischer, Roberten_US
dc.contributor.authorLambin, Eric F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorPalmer, Todd M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorHelgen, Kristofer M.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-15T18:31:13Z
dc.date.issued2017en_US
dc.identifier.citationYoung, H. S., D. J. McCauley, R. Dirzo, C. L. Nunn, M. G. Campana, B. Agwanda, E. R. Otarola-Castillo, et al. 2017. “Interacting effects of land use and climate on rodent-borne pathogens in central Kenya.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 372 (1722): 20160116. doi:10.1098/rstb.2016.0116. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0116.en
dc.identifier.issnen
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:33029978
dc.description.abstractUnderstanding the effects of anthropogenic disturbance on zoonotic disease risk is both a critical conservation objective and a public health priority. Here, we evaluate the effects of multiple forms of anthropogenic disturbance across a precipitation gradient on the abundance of pathogen-infected small mammal hosts in a multi-host, multi-pathogen system in central Kenya. Our results suggest that conversion to cropland and wildlife loss alone drive systematic increases in rodent-borne pathogen prevalence, but that pastoral conversion has no such systematic effects. The effects are most likely explained both by changes in total small mammal abundance, and by changes in relative abundance of a few high-competence species, although changes in vector assemblages may also be involved. Several pathogens responded to interactions between disturbance type and climatic conditions, suggesting the potential for synergistic effects of anthropogenic disturbance and climate change on the distribution of disease risk. Overall, these results indicate that conservation can be an effective tool for reducing abundance of rodent-borne pathogens in some contexts (e.g. wildlife loss alone); however, given the strong variation in effects across disturbance types, pathogen taxa and environmental conditions, the use of conservation as public health interventions will need to be carefully tailored to specific pathogens and human contexts. This article is part of the themed issue ‘Conservation, biodiversity and infectious disease: scientific evidence and policy implications’.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherThe Royal Societyen
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1098/rstb.2016.0116en
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5413868/pdf/en
dash.licenseLAAen_US
dc.subjectdiseaseen
dc.subjectdiversityen
dc.subjectdilution effecten
dc.subjectsusceptible host regulationen
dc.subjectlandscape ecologyen
dc.subjectland-use changeen
dc.titleInteracting effects of land use and climate on rodent-borne pathogens in central Kenyaen
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden
dc.relation.journalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciencesen
dc.date.available2017-06-15T18:31:13Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1098/rstb.2016.0116*
dash.authorsorderedfalse


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