Covalent Binding of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes to Polyamide Membranes for Antimicrobial Surface Properties
Access StatusFull text of the requested work is not available in DASH at this time ("dark deposit"). For more information on dark deposits, see our FAQ.
MetadataShow full item record
CitationTiraferri, Alberto, Chad D. Vecitis, and Menachem Elimelech. 2011. “Covalent Binding of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes to Polyamide Membranes for Antimicrobial Surface Properties.” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 3 (8) (August 24): 2869–2877. doi:10.1021/am200536p.
AbstractWe propose an innovative approach to impart nanomaterial-specific properties to the surface of thin-film composite membranes. Specifically, biocidal properties were obtained by covalently binding single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) to the membrane surface. The SWNTs were first modified by purification and ozonolysis to increase their sidewall functionalities, maximize cytotoxic properties, and achieve dispersion in aqueous solution. A tailored reaction protocol was developed to exploit the inherent moieties of hand-cast polyamide membrane surfaces and create covalent amide bonds with the functionalized SWNTs. The reaction is entirely aqueous-based and entails activation of the carboxylate groups of both the membrane and the nanomaterials to maximize reaction with ethylenediamine. The presence of SWNTs was verified after sonication of the membranes, confirming the strength of the bond between the SWNTs and the membrane surface. Characterization of the SWNT-functionalized surfaces demonstrated the attainment of membranes with novel properties that continued to exhibit high performance in water separation processes. The presence of surface-bound antimicrobial SWNTs was confirmed by experiments using E. coli cells that demonstrated an enhanced bacterial cytotoxicity for the SWNT-coated membranes. The SWNT membranes were observed to achieve up to 60% inactivation of bacteria attached to the membrane within 1 h of contact time. Our results suggest the potential of covalently bonded SWNTs to delay the onset of membrane biofouling during operation.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:33087086
- FAS Scholarly Articles