Three-Phase Co-assembly: In Situ Incorporation of Nanoparticles into Tunable, Highly Ordered, Porous Silica Films
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CitationVasquez, Yolanda, Mathias Kolle, Lidiya Mishchenko, Benjamin D. Hatton, and Joanna Aizenberg. 2014. Three-Phase Co-Assembly: In Situ Incorporation of Nanoparticles into Tunable, Highly Ordered, Porous Silica Films. ACS Photonics 1, no. 1: 53–60. doi:10.1021/ph400067z.
AbstractWe present a reproducible, one-pot colloidal co-assembly approach that results in large-scale, highly-ordered porous silica films with embedded, uniformly-distributed, accessible gold nanoparticles. The unique coloration of these inverse opal films combines iridescence with plasmonic effects. The coupled optical properties are easily tunable either by changing the concentration of added nanoparticles to the solution before assembly or by localized growth of the embedded Au nanoparticles upon exposure to tetrachloroauric acid solution, after colloidal template removal. The presence of the selectively absorbing particles furthermore enhances the hue and saturation of the inverse opals color by suppressing incoherent diffuse scattering. The composition and optical properties of these films are demonstrated to be locally tunable using selective functionalization of the doped opals.
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