Pattern formation in plastic liquid films on elastomers by ratcheting
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CitationHuang, Jiangshui, Jiawei Yang, Lihua Jin, David R. Clarke, and Zhigang Suo. 2016. Pattern Formation in Plastic Liquid Films on Elastomers by Ratcheting. Soft Matter 12 (16): 3820–3827. doi:10.1039/c6sm00124f.
AbstractPlastic liquids, also known as Bingham liquids, retain their shape when loads are small, but flow when loads exceed a threshold. We discovered that plastic liquid films coated on elastomers develop wavy patterns under cyclic loads. As the number of cycles increases, the wavelength of the patterns remains unchanged, but the amplitude of the patterns increases and then saturates. Because the patterns develop progressively under cyclic loads, we call this phenomenon as “patterning by ratcheting”. We observe the phenomenon in plastic liquids of several kinds, and studied the effects of thickness, the cyclic frequency of the stretch, and the range of the stretch. Finite element simulations show that the ratcheting phenomenon can occur in materials described by a commonly used model of elastic–plastic deformation.
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