Clinical Efficacy and Post-Treatment Seromarkers Associated with the Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma among Chronic Hepatitis C Patients

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Clinical Efficacy and Post-Treatment Seromarkers Associated with the Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma among Chronic Hepatitis C Patients

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Title: Clinical Efficacy and Post-Treatment Seromarkers Associated with the Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma among Chronic Hepatitis C Patients
Author: Lee, Mei-Hsuan; Huang, Chung-Feng; Lai, Hsueh-Chou; Lin, Chun-Yen; Dai, Chia-Yen; Liu, Chun-Jen; Wang, Jing-Houng; Huang, Jee-Fu; Su, Wen-Pang; Yang, Hung-Chih; Kee, Kwong-Ming; Yeh, Ming-Lun; Chuang, Po-Heng; Hsu, Shih-Jer; Huang, Ching-I; Kao, Jung-Ta; Chen, Chieh-Chang; Chen, Sheng-Hung; Jeng, Wen-Juei; Yang, Hwai-I; Yuan, Yong; Lu, Sheng-Nan; Sheen, I-Shyan; Liu, Chen-Hua; Peng, Cheng-Yuan; Kao, Jia-Horng; Yu, Ming-Lung; Chuang, Wan-Long; Chen, Chien-Jen

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Lee, M., C. Huang, H. Lai, C. Lin, C. Dai, C. Liu, J. Wang, et al. 2017. “Clinical Efficacy and Post-Treatment Seromarkers Associated with the Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma among Chronic Hepatitis C Patients.” Scientific Reports 7 (1): 3718. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-02313-y. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-02313-y.
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Abstract: This follow-up study enrolled chronic hepatitis C patients to evaluate the treatment efficacy and to identify post-treatment seromarkers associated with risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among patients with a sustained virological response (SVR) or nonsustained virological response (NSVR). A total of 4639 patients who received pegylated interferon and ribavirin during 2004–2013 were followed until December 2014. HCC was confirmed through health examinations and data linkage with a national database. A total of 233 HCC cases were reported after 26,163 person-years of follow-up, indicating an incidence of 8.9 per 1000 person-years: 6.9 for SVR and 21.6 for NSVR per 1000 person-years. The associated risk of HCC in patients with SVR was 0.37 (0.22–0.63) for those without cirrhosis and 0.54 (0.31–0.92) for those with cirrhosis compared with their respective counterparts with NSVR. Among patients with SVR, advanced age, male gender, cirrhosis, decreased platelet count, and increased aspartate aminotransferase and α-fetoprotein levels were associated with HCC (p < 0.001). The treatment of chronic hepatitis C patients before they developed cirrhosis showed a higher efficacy than did the treatment of those who had already developed cirrhosis. Patients with SVR may still have a risk of HCC and need to be regularly monitored.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/s41598-017-02313-y
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5473811/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:33490704
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