LIN28 phosphorylation by MAPK/ERK couples signaling to the post-transcriptional control of pluripotency
Tsanov, Kaloyan M.
Seligson, Marc T.
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CitationTsanov, K. M., D. S. Pearson, Z. Wu, A. Han, R. Triboulet, M. T. Seligson, J. T. Powers, et al. 2016. “LIN28 phosphorylation by MAPK/ERK couples signaling to the post-transcriptional control of pluripotency.” Nature cell biology 19 (1): 60-67. doi:10.1038/ncb3453. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ncb3453.
AbstractSignaling and post-transcriptional gene control are both critical for the regulation of pluripotency1,2, yet how they are integrated to influence cell identity remains poorly understood. LIN28 (also known as LIN28A), a highly conserved RNA-binding protein (RBP), has emerged as a central post-transcriptional regulator of cell fate through blockade of let-7 microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis and direct modulation of mRNA translation3. Here we show that LIN28 is phosphorylated by MAPK/ERK in pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), which increases its levels via post-translational stabilization. LIN28 phosphorylation had little impact on let-7 but enhanced LIN28’s effect on its direct mRNA targets, revealing a mechanism that uncouples LIN28’s let-7-dependent and independent activities. We have linked this mechanism to the induction of pluripotency by somatic cell reprogramming and the transition from naïve to primed pluripotency. Collectively, our findings indicate that MAPK/ERK directly impacts LIN28, defining an axis that connects signaling, post-transcriptional gene control, and cell fate regulation.
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