Coupled Spins in Diamond: From Quantum Control to Metrology and Many-Body Physics
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CitationKucsko, Georg. 2016. Coupled Spins in Diamond: From Quantum Control to Metrology and Many-Body Physics. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences.
AbstractThe study of quantum mechanics, together with the ability to coherently control and manipulate quantum systems in the lab has led to a myriad of discoveries and real world applications. In this thesis we present experiments demonstrating precise control of an individual long-lived spin qubit as well as sensing applications for biology and investigation of quantum many-body dynamics.
Stable quantum bits, capable both of storing quantum information for macroscopic time scales and of integration inside small portable devices, are an essential building block for an array of potential applications. In the second chapter of this thesis we demonstrate high-fidelity control of a solid-state qubit, which preserves its polarization for several minutes and features coherence lifetimes exceeding 1 second at room temperature.
Sensitive probing of temperature variations on nanometer scales is an outstanding challenge in many areas of modern science and technology. In chapter three we show how nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond can be used as a robust, high sensitivity temperature probe. We furthermore demonstrate biological compatibility by introducing nano-sized diamonds into living cells and measuring externally induced sub-cellular temperature gradients.
Understanding the dynamics of interacting many-body quantum systems with on-site potential disorder has proven one of the biggest challenges in quantum physics to investigate both in theory and experiment. In chapter four we demonstrate how coherent control techniques can be utilized to probe the many-body dynamics of a strongly interacting NV spin ensemble. Specifically, we show how a long-range interacting dipolar spin system exhibits characteristically slow thermalization in the presence of tunable disorder.
The presented works offer up many new areas to investigate, including complex quantum many-body effects of large, disordered spin systems, as well as applications of NV centers as bio-compatible nano-scale temperature probes.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:33493597
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