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dc.contributor.authorCanfield, Michael Ross
dc.contributor.authorPierce, Naomi E.
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-03T17:59:09Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.citationCanfield, Michael R., and Naomi E. Pierce. "Facultative mimicry? The evolutionary significance of seasonal forms in several Indo-Australian butterflies in the family Pieridae." Tropical Lepidoptera 20 (2010): 1-7.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1941-7659en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:33703700
dc.description.abstractSeveral Asian pierid butterflies exhibit a pattern of phenotypic plasticity whereby the wing surfaces are more melanized in the wet season than in the dry season. The wet season in the Indo-Australian regions where these species occur is warmer, so this pattern cannot be explained as an adaptation for thermoregulation. We propose an alternative hypothesis of facultative mimicry to explain this pattern. Species in the aposematic pierid genus Delias are widespread through Indo-Australia, and feed on host plants that are assumed to be toxic. The wet season forms of pierid species such as Appias lyncida, Prioneris thestylis and Cepora nerissa have darkened wing patterns that make them likely mimics of Delias species. Other species such as Ixias pyrene also have a wet season pattern that may benefit from its resemblance to Delias species. This hypothesis could be tested with experiments on the differential success of the seasonal forms under varying conditions. Facultative mimicry may represent a previously undocumented means by which insects can adjust their participation in mimetic relationships by using cues from their environment.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNear Eastern Languages and Civilizationsen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dash.licenseMETA_ONLY
dc.subjectphenotypic plasticityen_US
dc.subjectpolyphenismen_US
dc.subjectPieridaeen_US
dc.subjectdry seasonen_US
dc.subjectwet seasonen_US
dc.subjectmimicryen_US
dc.subjectcrypsisen_US
dc.subjectvisual selectionen_US
dc.subjectadaptationen_US
dc.titleFacultative Mimicry ? The Evolutionary Significance of Seasonal Forms in Several Indo-Australian Butterflies in the Family Pieriden_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionVersion of Recorden_US
dc.relation.journalTropical Lepidoptera Researchen_US
dash.depositing.authorPierce, Naomi E.
dash.embargo.until10000-01-01
workflow.legacycommentsPierce emailed 2016-04-24 MM Pierce emailed 2017-02-24 MM meta.darken_US
dash.contributor.affiliatedCanfield, Michael Ross
dash.contributor.affiliatedPierce, Naomi


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