Quality of antenatal care predicts retention in skilled birth attendance: a multilevel analysis of 28 African countries

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Quality of antenatal care predicts retention in skilled birth attendance: a multilevel analysis of 28 African countries

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Title: Quality of antenatal care predicts retention in skilled birth attendance: a multilevel analysis of 28 African countries
Author: Chukwuma, Adanna Deborah Ugochi; Wosu, Adaeze; Mbachu, Chinyere; Weze, Kelechi Onyekachi

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Citation: Chukwuma, Adanna, Adaeze C. Wosu, Chinyere Mbachu, and Kelechi Weze. 2017. “Quality of Antenatal Care Predicts Retention in Skilled Birth Attendance: a Multilevel Analysis of 28 African Countries.” BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 17 (1) (May 25). doi:10.1186/s12884-017-1337-1.
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Abstract: Background
An effective continuum of maternal care ensures that mothers receive essential health packages from pre-pregnancy to delivery, and postnatally, reducing the risk of maternal death. However, across Africa, coverage of skilled birth attendance is lower than coverage for antenatal care, indicating mothers are not retained in the continuum between antenatal care and delivery. This paper explores predictors of retention of antenatal care clients in skilled birth attendance across Africa, including sociodemographic factors and quality of antenatal care received.

Methods
We pooled nationally representative data from Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 28 African countries between 2006 and 2015. For the 115,374 births in our sample, we estimated logistic multilevel models of retention in skilled birth attendance (SBA) among clients that received skilled antenatal care (ANC).

Results
Among ANC clients in the study sample, 66% received SBA. Adjusting for all demographic covariates and country indicators, the odds of retention in SBA were higher among ANC clients that had their blood pressure checked, received information about pregnancy complications, had blood tests conducted, received at least one tetanus injection, and had urine tests conducted.

Conclusions
Higher quality of ANC predicts retention in SBA in Africa. Improving quality of skilled care received prenatally may increase client retention during delivery, reducing maternal mortality.
Published Version: doi:10.1186/s12884-017-1337-1
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:33732167
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