Anisotropy of transcallosal motor fibres indicates functional impairment in children with periventricular leukomalacia

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Anisotropy of transcallosal motor fibres indicates functional impairment in children with periventricular leukomalacia

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Title: Anisotropy of transcallosal motor fibres indicates functional impairment in children with periventricular leukomalacia
Author: Koerte, Inga Katharina; Pelavin, Paula; Kirmess, Berit; Fuchs, Teresa; Berweck, Steffen; Laubender, Ruediger P; Borggraefe, Ingo; Schroeder, Sebastian; Danek, Adrian; Rummeny, Caludia; Reiser, Maximilian; Kubicki, Marek R.; Shenton, Martha Elizabeth ORCID  0000-0003-4235-7879 ; Ertl-Wagner, Birgit; Heinen, Florian

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Koerte I, Pelavin P, Kirmess B, Fuchs T, Berweck S, Laubender RP, Borggraefe I, Schroeder S, Danek A, Rummeny C, Reiser M, Kubicki M, Shenton ME, Ertl-Wagner B, Heinen F. 2011. Anisotropy of transcallosal motor fibres indicates functional impairment in children with periventricular leukomalacia. Dev Med Child Neurol. 53, no. 2:179-86. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.2010.03840.x
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Abstract: Aim—In children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy (CP), periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is commonly identified on magnetic resonance imaging. We characterized this white matter
condition by examining callosal microstructure, interhemispheric inhibitory competence (IIC), and mirror movements. Method—We examined 7 children (age range 11y 9mo–17y 9mo, median age 15y 10mo, 4 females) with bilateral spastic CP/PVL (Gross Motor Function Classification System level I or II, Manual Ability Classification System level I) and 12 age-matched controls (age range 11y 7mo– 17y 1mo, median age 15y 6mo, 7 females). Fractional anisotropy of the transcallosal motor fibers (TCMF) and the corticospinal tract (CST) of both sides were calculated. The parameters of IIC (transcranial magnetic stimulation) and mirror movements were measured using standardized clinical examination and a computer-based hand motor test. Results—Fractional anisotropy was lower in children with bilateral spastic CP/PVL regarding the TCMF, but not the left or right CST. Resting motor threshold was elevated in children with bilateral spastic CP/PVL whereas measures of IIC tended to be lower. Mirror movements were markedly elevated in bilateral spastic CP/PVL. Interpretation—This study provides new information on different aspects of motor function in children with bilateral spastic CP/PVL. Decreased fractional anisotropy of TCMF is consistent with impairment of hand motor function in children with bilateral spastic CP/PVL. The previously
overlooked microstructure of the TCMF may serve as a potential indicator for hand motor function in patients with bilateral spastic CP/PVL.
Published Version: doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.2010.03840.x
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Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:33766543
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