Characteristics of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Serology in Patients With Indeterminate Colitis
Sura, Siddharth P.
Cheifetz, Adam S.
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CitationSura, Siddharth P., Awais Ahmed, Adam S. Cheifetz, and Alan C. Moss. 2014. “Characteristics of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Serology in Patients With Indeterminate Colitis.” Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology 48 (4) (April): 351–355. doi:10.1097/mcg.0000000000000083.
AbstractGoals and Background
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) serology testing is often used in patients with indeterminate colitis (IC) to help distinguish between ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD). We investigated the performance of serology testing in predicting future diagnosis in this setting.
Observational study of individuals with IC at a single center who underwent IBD serology testing (pANCA, ASCA and anti-OmpC) and had at least 12 months follow-up from time of serology result.
117 individuals with IC and 1 year follow-up data were enrolled. All IC patients had endoscopic and histologic evidence of colitis at enrollment. One year after serology testing, 58 (50%) individuals with IC were diagnosed with UC, 49 (42%) with CD, and 10 (9%) remained labeled with IC. The sensitivity/specificity of an initial positive pANCA for a subsequent diagnosis of UC was 78%/44%. For ASCA and anti-OmpC, the results were 18%/84% and 27%/75%, respectively, for a subsequent diagnosis of CD. A positive pANCA test was associated with a likelihood ratio (LR) of 1.4 (95% CI: 1.1–1.8) for a subsequent diagnosis of UC at 1 year. Neither positive ASCA (LR 1.1; 95% CI: 0.5–2.5) nor anti-OmpC (LR 1.1; 95% CI: 0.6–2.0) was associated with a subsequent diagnosis CD in patients with IC.
The disease phenotype in the majority of individuals initially labeled with IC evolved to be more consistent with either UC or CD on follow-up. pANCA, ASCA, and anti-OmpC, individually, were of limited utility in predicting a patient’s subsequent disease phenotype.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:33942643
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