Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorQi, Chunhua
dc.contributor.authorOberg, Karin
dc.contributor.authorWilner, David J.
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-25T20:52:02Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.citationQi, Chunhua, Karin I. Öberg, and David J. Wilner. 2013. “H2CO AND N2H+IN PROTOPLANETARY DISKS: EVIDENCE FOR A CO-ICE REGULATED CHEMISTRY.” The Astrophysical Journal 765 (1) (February 13): 34. doi:10.1088/0004-637x/765/1/34.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0004-637Xen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:33946923
dc.description.abstractWe present Submillimeter Array observations of H2CO and N2H+ emission in the disks around the T Tauri star TW Hya and the Herbig Ae star HD 163296 at 2"-6" resolution and discuss the distribution of these species with respect to CO freeze-out. The H2CO and N2H+ emission toward HD 163296 does not peak at the continuum emission center that marks the stellar position but is instead significantly offset. Using a previously developed model for the physical structure of this disk, we show that the H2CO observations are reproduced if H2CO is present predominantly in the cold outer disk regions. A model where H2CO is present only beyond the CO snow line (estimated at a radius of 160 AU) matches the observations well. We also show that the average H2CO excitation temperature, calculated from two transitions of H2CO observed in these two disks and a larger sample of disks around T Tauri stars in the DISCS (the Disk Imaging Survey of Chemistry with SMA) program, is consistent with the CO freeze-out temperature of 20 K. In addition, we show that N2H+ and H2CO line fluxes in disks are strongly correlated, indicative of co-formation of these species across the sample. Taken together, these results imply that H2CO and N2H+ are generally present in disks only at low temperatures where CO depletes onto grains, consistent with fast destruction of N2H+ by gas-phase CO, and in situ formation of H2CO through hydrogenation of CO ice. In this scenario H2CO, CH3OH and N2H+ emission in disks should appear as rings with the inner edge at the CO midplane snow line. This prediction can be tested directly using observations from ALMA with higher resolution and better sensitivity.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipAstronomyen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherIOP Publishingen_US
dc.relation.isversionofdoi:10.1088/0004-637X/765/1/34en_US
dc.relation.hasversionhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1301.2465en_US
dash.licenseOAP
dc.titleH2CO and N2H+ in Protoplanetary Disks: Evidence for a CO-Ice Regulated Chemistryen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dc.description.versionAccepted Manuscripten_US
dc.relation.journalThe Astrophysical Journalen_US
dash.depositing.authorOberg, Karin
dc.date.available2017-09-25T20:52:02Z
dc.identifier.doi10.1088/0004-637X/765/1/34*
workflow.legacycommentsFAR 2014.en_US
dash.authorsorderedfalse
dash.contributor.affiliatedQi, Chunhua
dash.contributor.affiliatedOberg, Karin
dash.contributor.affiliatedWilner, David


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record