Differences in cognitive processes underlying the collaborative activities of children and chimpanzees

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Differences in cognitive processes underlying the collaborative activities of children and chimpanzees

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Title: Differences in cognitive processes underlying the collaborative activities of children and chimpanzees
Author: Fletcher, Grace E.; Warneken, Felix; Tomasello, Michael

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Citation: Fletcher, Grace E., Felix Warneken, and Michael Tomasello. 2012. “Differences in Cognitive Processes Underlying the Collaborative Activities of Children and Chimpanzees.” Cognitive Development 27 (2) (April): 136–153. doi:10.1016/j.cogdev.2012.02.003.
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Abstract: We compared the performance of 3- and 5-year-old children with that of chimpanzees in two tasks requiring collaboration via complementary roles. In both tasks, children and chimpanzees were able to coordinate two complementary roles with peers and solve the problem cooperatively. This is the first experimental demonstration of the coordination of complementary roles in chimpanzees. In the second task, neither species was skillful at waiting for a partner to be positioned appropriately before beginning (although children did hesitate significantly longer when the partner was absent). The main difference between species in both tasks was in children's, but not chimpanzees’, ability to profit from experience as a collaborator in one role when later reversing roles. This difference suggests that as they participate in a collaboration, young children integrate both roles into a single “birds-eye-view” representational format in a way that chimpanzees do not.
Published Version: doi:10.1016/j.cogdev.2012.02.003
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:33980470
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