Morphological Characteristics of Brain Tumors Causing Seizures
Bromfield, Edward B.Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationLee, Jong Woo, Patrick Y. Wen, Shelley Hurwitz, Peter Black, Santosh Kesari, Jan Drappatz, Alexandra J. Golby, et al. 2010. “Morphological Characteristics of Brain Tumors Causing Seizures.” Archives of Neurology 67 (3) (March 1). doi:10.1001/archneurol.2010.2.
AbstractObjective: To quantify size and localization differences between tumors presenting with seizures vs nonseizure neurological symptoms.
Design: Retrospective imaging survey. We performed magnetic resonance imaging–based morphometric analysis and nonparametric mapping in patients with brain tumors.
Setting: University-affiliated teaching hospital.
Patients or Other Participants: One hundred twenty-four patients with newly diagnosed supratentorial glial tumors.
Main Outcome Measures: Volumetric and mapping methods were used to evaluate differences in size and location of the tumors in patients who presented with seizures as compared with patients who presented with other symptoms.
Results: In high-grade gliomas, tumors presenting with seizures were smaller than tumors presenting with other neurological symptoms, whereas in low-grade gliomas, tumors presenting with seizures were larger. Tumor location maps revealed that in high-grade gliomas, deep-seated tumors in the pericallosal regions were more likely to present with nonseizure neurological symptoms. In low-grade gliomas, tumors of the temporal lobe as well as the insular region were more likely to present with seizures.
Conclusions: The influence of size and location of the tumors on their propensity to cause seizures varies with the grade of the tumor. In high-grade gliomas, rapidly growing tumors, particularly those situated in deeper structures, present with non–seizure-related symptoms. In low-grade gliomas, lesions in the temporal lobe or the insula grow large without other symptoms and eventually cause seizures. Quantitative image analysis allows for the mapping of regions in each group that are more or less susceptible to seizures.
Seizures are encountered in a majority of patients with primary brain tumors and are a major cause of morbidity in these patients.1,2 Thirty percent to 50% of patients experience a seizure by the time their tumors are diagnosed, and an additional 6% to 45% of patients who do not initially present with seizures eventually develop them.3- 5 Characteristics of brain tumors and their mechanism in causing seizures in patients are incompletely understood.4,6 Low-grade, well-differentiated gliomas,1,6- 9 cortically located tumors,3,10- 14 and location in the temporal/frontal and motor/sensory cortices6,8,15- 17 are more frequently associated with seizures.
Although there is a high incidence of seizures in these patients, treatment strategies remain poorly defined. Prophylactic anticonvulsant therapy, shown to be ineffective in preventing seizures in patients with brain tumors in multiple large-scale studies,12,18- 20 is not recommended by the American Academy of Neurology.5 Nonetheless, prophylaxis remains a widespread practice21 because of difficulty in determining which patients are at greatest risk for seizures. Determination of morphometric factors influencing seizures would help in identifying patients at greatest risk for early, targeted treatment and prevent potentially toxic, unnecessary treatment in patients at minimal risk.
Although studies examining brain tumors in relationship to epilepsy have localized tumors to a particular lobe,10 few studies have performed quantitative volumetric or spatial mapping analysis of tumors in relation to their epileptogenic potential. Regions within a particular lobe are likely to exhibit different epileptogenic potential to tumor invasion and tumors frequently affect multiple contiguous lobes.6
Modern imaging techniques allow for analysis of lesions over a large group of subjects through registration and mapping techniques. In this study, we used these techniques to examine the size and location of primary supratentorial glial brain tumors and characterized their propensity to cause seizures at presentation.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:34175421
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