A qualitative and quantitative performance evaluation of Swaziland’s Rural Health Motivator program

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A qualitative and quantitative performance evaluation of Swaziland’s Rural Health Motivator program

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Title: A qualitative and quantitative performance evaluation of Swaziland’s Rural Health Motivator program
Author: Geldsetzer, Pascal; Vaikath, Maria; de Neve, Jan-Walter J.l.m.; Bärnighausen, Till; Bossert, Thomas John

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Citation: Geldsetzer, Pascal, Maria Vaikath, Jan-Walter De Neve, Till Bärnighausen, and Thomas J. Bossert. 2017. “A Qualitative and Quantitative Performance Evaluation of Swaziland’s Rural Health Motivator Program.” F1000Research 6 (May 2): 607. doi:10.12688/f1000research.11361.1.
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Abstract: Background: Community health workers (CHWs) are increasingly used to increase access to primary healthcare, and considered to be a key health worker cadre to achieve the UNAIDS 90-90-90 target. Despite the recent policy interest in effectively designing, implementing, and evaluating new CHW programs, there is limited evidence on how long-standing CHW programs are performing. Using the CHW Performance Logic model as an evaluation framework, this study aims to assess the performance of Swaziland’s long-standing national CHW program, called the rural health motivator (RHM) program. Methods: This study was carried out in the Manzini and Lubombo regions of Swaziland. We conducted a survey of 2,000 households selected through two-stage cluster random sampling and a survey among a stratified simple random sample of 306 RHMs. Additionally, semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 25 RHMs. Results: While RHMs are instructed to visit every household assigned to them at least once a month, only 15.7% (95% CI: 11.4 – 20.4%) of RHMs self-reported to be meeting this target. Less than half (46.3%; 95% CI: 43.4 – 49.6%) of household survey respondents, who reported to have ever been visited by a RHM, rated their overall satisfaction with RHM services as eight or more points on a 10-point scale (ranging from “very dissatisfied” to “very satisfied”). A theme arising from the qualitative interviews was that community members only rarely seek care from RHMs, with care-seeking tending to be constrained to emergency situations. Conclusions: The RHM program does not meet some of its key performance objectives. Two opportunities to improve RHM performance identified by the evaluation were increasing RHM's stipend and improving the supply of equipment and material resources needed by RHMs to carry out their tasks.
Published Version: doi:10.12688/f1000research.11361.1
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:34216387
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