Buried Barrett's Epithelium Following Photodynamic Therapy Shows Reduced Crypt Proliferation and Absence of DNA Content Abnormalities
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CitationHornick, Jason L, Mari Mino-Kenudson, Gregory Y Lauwers, Weitian Liu, Raj Goyal, and Robert D Odze. 2008. “Buried Barrett’s Epithelium Following Photodynamic Therapy Shows Reduced Crypt Proliferation and Absence of DNA Content Abnormalities.” The American Journal of Gastroenterology 103 (1) (January): 38–47. doi:10.1111/j.1572-0241.2007.01560.x.
AbstractOBJECTIVES: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is increasingly used for the treatment of patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) with dysplasia or early carcinoma. Post-PDT, some patients show residual BE either exposed to the luminal surface (nonburied) or buried underneath reepithelialized squamous mucosa (buried BE). Buried BE may be a serious clinical problem since it can go unnoticed during surveillance endoscopies. The neoplastic potential of buried BE is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biological characteristics of nonburied and buried BE in patients treated with PDT. METHODS: Twelve patients selected from a cohort of 52 BE patients who received PDT for high-grade dysplasia or intramucosal adenocarcinoma were used for this study because they all had both pre- and post-PDT (nonburied), and post-PDT buried, BE biopsies, without dysplasia, available for analysis. The biopsies were immunostained for Ki-67, p53, cyclin D1, bcl-2, TGF-alpha, EGFR, and AMACR. High fidelity DNA histograms were obtained by image cytometry analysis of Feulgen stained slides, and used to determine peak DNA index (DI), DNA heterogeneity, and 5N exceeding rate (5NER). Comparisons were made between pre-PDT nonburied BE and post-PDT nonburied and buried BE. RESULTS: Pre-PDT BE showed an elevated Ki-67 crypt proliferation rate (43.3%) and p53, bcl-2, TGF-alpha, and EGFR positivity in 8%, 25%, 75%, and 25% of cases, respectively. Cyclin D1 and AMACR were negative in all cases. High fidelity DNA histograms showed mild aneuploidy in 73% of cases. Post-PDT buried BE showed a significantly lower Ki-67 crypt proliferation rate (29.9%) in comparison to nonburied BE, in both pre- PDT (43.3%) and post-PDT (44.4%) biopsies (P < 0.05), but similar rates of positivity for the other peptide markers. In contrast to pre-PDT nonburied BE biopsies, high fidelity DNA histograms revealed that none of the buried BE (0%), and only 2/9 (11%) nonburied BE post-PDT, showed aneuploidy. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-PDT nonburied BE, without dysplasia, shows elevated crypt proliferation and mild, but frequent, DNA content abnormalities. Post-PDT, nonburied BE shows persistently elevated crypt proliferation, but significantly less frequent DNA content abnormalities, whereas buried BE shows decreased crypt proliferation and normal DNA content profile. These results suggest that post-PDT buried BE may have a lower neoplastic potential than pre-PDT BE.
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