A bioinspired omniphobic surface coating on medical devices prevents thrombosis and biofouling
Berthet, Julia B
Valentin, Thomas M
Hatton, Benjamin D
Super, Elana H
Johnson, Christopher P
Vu, Thy L
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CitationLeslie, Daniel C, Anna Waterhouse, Julia B Berthet, Thomas M Valentin, Alexander L Watters, Abhishek Jain, Philseok Kim, et al. 2014. “A Bioinspired Omniphobic Surface Coating on Medical Devices Prevents Thrombosis and Biofouling.” Nature Biotechnology 32 (11) (October 12): 1134–1140. doi:10.1038/nbt.3020.
AbstractThrombosis and biofouling of extracorporeal circuits and indwelling medical devices cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. We describe a bioinspired coating that repels blood from virtually any material by covalently tethering a molecular layer of perfluorocarbon, which holds a thin liquid film of medical-grade perfluorocarbon on the substrate surface, mimicking the liquid layer certain plants use to prevent adhesion. This coating prevents fibrin attachment, reduces platelet adhesion and activation, suppresses biofilm formation, and is stable under blood flow in vitro. Surface-coated medical-grade tubing and catheters, assembled into arteriovenous shunts and implanted in living pigs, remain patent for at least 8 hours without anticoagulation. This coating technology offers the potential to significantly reduce anticoagulation in patients while preventing thrombotic occlusion and biofouling of medical devices.
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