Single-Phase Filamentary Cellular Breakdown Via Laser-Induced Solute Segregation

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Single-Phase Filamentary Cellular Breakdown Via Laser-Induced Solute Segregation

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Title: Single-Phase Filamentary Cellular Breakdown Via Laser-Induced Solute Segregation
Author: Akey, Austin; Recht, Daniel; Williams, James S.; Aziz, Michael J.; Buonassisi, Tonio

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Akey, Austin J., Daniel Recht, James S. Williams, Michael J. Aziz, and Tonio Buonassisi. 2015. “Single-Phase Filamentary Cellular Breakdown Via Laser-Induced Solute Segregation.” Advanced Functional Materials 25 (29) (June 18): 4642–4649. doi:10.1002/adfm.201501450.
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Abstract: Nanosecond melting and quenching of materials offers a pathway to novel structures with unusual properties. Impurity-rich silicon processed using nanosecond-pulsed-laser-melting is known to produce nanoscale features in a process referred to as “cellular breakdown” due to destabilization of the planar liquid/solid interface. Here, we apply atom probe tomography combined with electron microscopy to show that the morphology of cellular breakdown in these materials is significantly more complex than previously documented. We observe breakdown into a complex, branching filamentary structure topped by a few nm of a cell-like layer. Singlephase diamond cubic silicon highly supersaturated with at least 10% atomic Co and no detectable silicides is reported within these filaments. In addition, the unprecedented spatio-chemical accuracy of the atom probe allows us to investigate nanosecond formation dynamics of this complex material. Previously-reported properties of these materials can now be reconsidered in light of their true composition, and this class of inhomogeneous metastable alloys in silicon can be explored with confidence.
Published Version: doi:10.1002/adfm.201501450
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