Interference-mediated synaptonemal complex formation with embedded crossover designation
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CitationZhang, Liangran, Eric Espagne, Arnaud de Muyt, Denise Zickler, and Nancy E. Kleckner. 2014. “Interference-Mediated Synaptonemal Complex Formation with Embedded Crossover Designation.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111 (47) (November 7): E5059–E5068. doi:10.1073/pnas.1416411111.
AbstractBiological systems exhibit complex patterns, at length scales ranging from the molecular to the organismic. Along chromosomes, events often occur stochastically at different positions in different nuclei but nonetheless tend to be relatively evenly spaced. Examples include replication origin firings, formation of chromatin loops along chromosome axes and, during meiosis, designation of crossover recombination sites ("crossover interference"). We present evidence, in the fungus Sordaria macrospora, that crossover interference is part of a broader patterning program that includes synaptonemal complex (SC) nucleation. This program yields relatively evenly-spaced SC nucleation sites; among these, a subset is also crossover sites that show a classical interference distribution. This pattern ensures that SC forms regularly along the entire lengths of the chromosomes as required for homolog pairing maintenance and interlock sensing while concomitantly embedding crossover interactions within the SC structure as required for both DNA recombination and structural events of chiasma-formation. This pattern can be explained by a threshold-based interference process. This model can be generalized to give diverse types of related and/or partially overlapping patterns, in two or more dimensions, for any type of object.
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