Impact of prior flavivirus immunity on Zika virus infection in rhesus macaques

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Impact of prior flavivirus immunity on Zika virus infection in rhesus macaques

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Title: Impact of prior flavivirus immunity on Zika virus infection in rhesus macaques
Author: McCracken, Michael K.; Gromowski, Gregory D.; Friberg, Heather L.; Lin, Xiaoxu; Abbink, Peter; De La Barrera, Rafael; Eckles, Kenneth H.; Garver, Lindsey S.; Boyd, Michael; Jetton, David; Barouch, Dan H.; Wise, Matthew C.; Lewis, Bridget S.; Currier, Jeffrey R.; Modjarrad, Kayvon; Milazzo, Mark; Liu, Michelle; Mullins, Anna B.; Putnak, J. Robert; Michael, Nelson L.; Jarman, Richard G.; Thomas, Stephen J.

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: McCracken, M. K., G. D. Gromowski, H. L. Friberg, X. Lin, P. Abbink, R. De La Barrera, K. H. Eckles, et al. 2017. “Impact of prior flavivirus immunity on Zika virus infection in rhesus macaques.” PLoS Pathogens 13 (8): e1006487. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1006487. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1006487.
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Abstract: Studies have demonstrated cross-reactivity of anti-dengue virus (DENV) antibodies in human sera against Zika virus (ZIKV), promoting increased ZIKV infection in vitro. However, the correlation between in vitro and in vivo findings is not well characterized. Thus, we evaluated the impact of heterotypic flavivirus immunity on ZIKV titers in biofluids of rhesus macaques. Animals previously infected (≥420 days) with DENV2, DENV4, or yellow fever virus were compared to flavivirus-naïve animals following infection with a Brazilian ZIKV strain. Sera from DENV-immune macaques demonstrated cross-reactivity with ZIKV by antibody-binding and neutralization assays prior to ZIKV infection, and promoted increased ZIKV infection in cell culture assays. Despite these findings, no significant differences between flavivirus-naïve and immune animals were observed in viral titers, neutralizing antibody levels, or immune cell kinetics following ZIKV infection. These results indicate that prior infection with heterologous flaviviruses neither conferred protection nor increased observed ZIKV titers in this non-human primate ZIKV infection model.
Published Version: doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1006487
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5542404/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:34375060
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