Suppression of Neutrophil-Mediated Tissue Damage—A Novel Skill of Mesenchymal Stem Cells
De Vries, Juliane C.
Beken, Seppe Vander
Kluth, Mark A.
Preissner, Klaus T.
Scharffetter-Kochanek, KarinNote: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.
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CitationJiang, D., J. Muschhammer, Y. Qi, A. Kügler, J. C. De Vries, M. Saffarzadeh, A. Sindrilaru, et al. 2017. “Suppression of Neutrophil-Mediated Tissue Damage—A Novel Skill of Mesenchymal Stem Cells.” Stem cells (Dayton, Ohio) 34 (9): 2393-2406. doi:10.1002/stem.2417. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/stem.2417.
AbstractMesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are crucial for tissue homeostasis and regeneration. Though of prime interest, their potentially protective role on neutrophil-induced tissue damage, associated with high morbidity and mortality, has not been explored in sufficient detail. Here we report the therapeutic skill of MSCs to suppress unrestrained neutrophil activation and to attenuate severe tissue damage in a murine immune-complex mediated vasculitis model of unbalanced neutrophil activation. MSC-mediated neutrophil suppression was due to intercellular adhesion molecule 1-dependent engulfment of neutrophils by MSCs, decreasing overall neutrophil numbers. Similar to MSCs in their endogenous niche of murine and human vasculitis, therapeutically injected MSCs via upregulation of the extracellular superoxide dismutase (SOD3), reduced super-oxide anion concentrations and consequently prevented neutrophil death, neutrophil extracellular trap formation and spillage of matrix degrading neutrophil elastase, gelatinase and myeloperoxidase. SOD3-silenced MSCs did not exert tissue protective effects. Thus, MSCs hold substantial therapeutic promise to counteract tissue damage in conditions with unrestrained neutrophil activation.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:34375193
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