Influence of muscle fiber type composition on early fat accumulation under high-fat diet challenge
Yee, Grace M.
Hamilton, James A.
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CitationHua, Ning, Hirokazu Takahashi, Grace M. Yee, Yoichiro Kitajima, Sayaka Katagiri, Motoyasu Kojima, Keizo Anzai, Yuichiro Eguchi, and James A. Hamilton. 2017. “Influence of muscle fiber type composition on early fat accumulation under high-fat diet challenge.” PLoS ONE 12 (8): e0182430. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0182430. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0182430.
AbstractObjective: To investigate whether differences in muscle fiber types affect early-stage fat accumulation, under high fat diet challenge in mice. Methods: Twelve healthy male C57BL/6 mice experienced with short-term (6 weeks) diet treatment for the evaluation of early pattern changes in muscular fat. The mice were randomly divided into two groups: high fat diet (n = 8) and normal control diet (n = 4). Extra- and intra-myocellular lipid (EMCL and IMCL) in lumbar muscles (type I fiber predominant) and tibialis anterior (TA) muscle (type II fiber predominant) were determined using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). Correlation of EMCL, IMCL and their ratio between TA and lumbar muscles was evaluated. Results: EMCL increased greatly in both muscle types after high fat diet. IMCL in TA and lumbar muscles increased to a much lower extent, with a slightly greater increase in TA muscles. EMCLs in the 2 muscles were positively correlated (r = 0.84, p = 0.01), but IMCLs showed a negative relationship (r = -0.84, p = 0.01). In lumbar muscles, high fat diet significantly decreased type I fiber while it increased type II fiber (all p≤0.001). In TA muscle, there was no significant fiber type shifting (p>0.05). Conclusions: Under short-time high fat diet challenge, lipid tends to initially accumulate extra-cellularly. In addition, compared to type II dominant muscle, Type I dominant muscle was less susceptible to IMCL accumulation but more to fiber type shifting. These phenomena might reflect compensative responses of skeletal muscle to dietary lipid overload in order to regulate metabolic homeostasis.
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