A Molecular Census of Arcuate Hypothalamus and Median Eminence Cell Types
Pers, Tune H.
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CitationCampbell, J. N., E. Z. Macosko, H. Fenselau, T. H. Pers, A. Lyubetskaya, D. Tenen, M. Goldman, et al. 2017. “A Molecular Census of Arcuate Hypothalamus and Median Eminence Cell Types.” Nature neuroscience 20 (3): 484-496. doi:10.1038/nn.4495. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nn.4495.
AbstractThe hypothalamic arcuate-median eminence complex (Arc-ME) controls energy balance, fertility, and growth through molecularly distinct cell types, many of which remain unknown. To catalog cell types in an unbiased way, we profiled gene expression in 20,921 individual cells in and around the adult mouse Arc-ME using Drop-seq. We identify 50 transcriptionally distinct Arc-ME cell populations, including a rare tanycyte population at the Arc-ME diffusion barrier, a novel leptin-sensing neuronal population, multiple AgRP and POMC subtypes, and an orexigenic somatostatin neuronal population. We extended Drop-seq to detect dynamic expression changes across relevant physiological perturbations, revealing cell type-specific responses to energy status, including distinctly responsive subtypes of AgRP and POMC neurons. Finally, integrating our data with human GWAS data implicates two previously unknown neuronal subtypes in the genetic control of obesity. This resource will accelerate biological discovery by providing insights into molecular and cell type diversity from which function can be inferred.
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