Physician communication styles in initial consultations for hematological cancer
Chhabra, Karan R.
Pollak, Kathryn I.
Lee, Stephanie J.
Back, Anthony L.
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CitationChhabra, Karan R., Kathryn I. Pollak, Stephanie J. Lee, Anthony L. Back, Roberta E. Goldman, and James A. Tulsky. 2013. “Physician Communication Styles in Initial Consultations for Hematological Cancer.” Patient Education and Counseling 93 (3) (December): 573–578. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2013.08.023.
To characterize practices in subspecialist physicians’ communication styles, and their potential effects on shared decision-making, in second-opinion consultations.
Theme-oriented discourse analysis of 20 second-opinion consultations with subspecialist hematologist-oncologists.
Physicians frequently “broadcasted” information about the disease, treatment options, relevant research, and prognostic information in extended, often-uninterrupted monologues. Their communicative styles had one of two implications: conveying options without offering specific recommendations, or recommending one without incorporating patients’ goals and values into the decision. Some physicians, however, used techniques that encouraged patient participation.
Broadcasting may be a suboptimal method of conveying complex treatment information in order to support shared decision-making. Interventions could teach techniques that encourage patient participation.
Techniques such as open-ended questions, affirmations of patients’ expressions, and pauses to check for patient understanding can mitigate the effects of broadcasting and could be used to promote shared decision-making in information-dense subspecialist consultations.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:34451367
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