Genetic studies in mice directly link oocytes produced during adulthood to ovarian function and natural fertility
Woods, Dori C.
Tilly, Jonathan L.
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CitationWang, Ning, Chonthicha Satirapod, Yasuyo Ohguchi, Eun-Sil Park, Dori C. Woods, and Jonathan L. Tilly. 2017. “Genetic studies in mice directly link oocytes produced during adulthood to ovarian function and natural fertility.” Scientific Reports 7 (1): 10011. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-10033-6. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-10033-6.
AbstractMultiple labs have reported that mammalian ovaries contain oogonial stem cells (OSCs), which can differentiate into oocytes that fertilize to produce offspring. However, the physiological relevance of these observations to adult ovarian function is unknown. Here we performed targeted and reversible ablation of premeiotic germ cells undergoing differentiation into oocytes in transgenic mice expressing the suicide gene, herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSVtk), driven by the promoter of stimulated by retinoic acid gene 8 (Stra8), a germ cell-specific gene activated during meiotic commitment. Over a 21-day ablation phase induced by the HSVtk pro-drug, ganciclovir (GCV), oocyte numbers declined due to a disruption of new oocyte input. However, germ cell differentiation resumed after ceasing the ablation protocol, enabling complete regeneration of the oocyte pool. We next employed inducible lineage tracing to fate map, through Cre recombinase-mediated fluorescent reporter gene activation only in Stra8-expressing cells, newly-formed oocytes. Induction of the system during adulthood yielded a mosaic pool of unmarked (pre-existing) and marked (newly-formed) oocytes. Marked oocytes matured and fertilized to produce offspring, which grew normally to adulthood and transmitted the reporter to second-generation offspring. These findings establish that oocytes generated during adulthood contribute directly to ovarian function and natural fertility in mammals.
Citable link to this pagehttp://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:34491943
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