Using ALoFT to determine the impact of putative loss-of-function variants in protein-coding genes

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Using ALoFT to determine the impact of putative loss-of-function variants in protein-coding genes

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Title: Using ALoFT to determine the impact of putative loss-of-function variants in protein-coding genes
Author: Balasubramanian, Suganthi; Fu, Yao; Pawashe, Mayur; McGillivray, Patrick; Jin, Mike; Liu, Jeremy; Karczewski, Konrad J.; MacArthur, Daniel G.; Gerstein, Mark

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Citation: Balasubramanian, Suganthi, Yao Fu, Mayur Pawashe, Patrick McGillivray, Mike Jin, Jeremy Liu, Konrad J. Karczewski, Daniel G. MacArthur, and Mark Gerstein. 2017. “Using ALoFT to determine the impact of putative loss-of-function variants in protein-coding genes.” Nature Communications 8 (1): 382. doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00443-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00443-5.
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Abstract: Variants predicted to result in the loss of function of human genes have attracted interest because of their clinical impact and surprising prevalence in healthy individuals. Here, we present ALoFT (annotation of loss-of-function transcripts), a method to annotate and predict the disease-causing potential of loss-of-function variants. Using data from Mendelian disease-gene discovery projects, we show that ALoFT can distinguish between loss-of-function variants that are deleterious as heterozygotes and those causing disease only in the homozygous state. Investigation of variants discovered in healthy populations suggests that each individual carries at least two heterozygous premature stop alleles that could potentially lead to disease if present as homozygotes. When applied to de novo putative loss-of-function variants in autism-affected families, ALoFT distinguishes between deleterious variants in patients and benign variants in unaffected siblings. Finally, analysis of somatic variants in >6500 cancer exomes shows that putative loss-of-function variants predicted to be deleterious by ALoFT are enriched in known driver genes.
Published Version: doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00443-5
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5575292/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:34491972
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