Clubfoot relapse: does presentation differ based on age at initial relapse?

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Clubfoot relapse: does presentation differ based on age at initial relapse?

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Title: Clubfoot relapse: does presentation differ based on age at initial relapse?
Author: Mahan, S. T.; Spencer, S. A.; May, C. J.; Prete, V. I.; Kasser, J. R.

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Citation: Mahan, S. T., S. A. Spencer, C. J. May, V. I. Prete, and J. R. Kasser. 2017. “Clubfoot relapse: does presentation differ based on age at initial relapse?” Journal of Children's Orthopaedics 11 (5): 367-372. doi:10.1302/1863-2548.11.170016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1302/1863-2548.11.170016.
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Abstract: Abstract Purpose Treatment of idiopathic clubfoot with the Ponseti method is now standard, but predicting relapse can be difficult. Most experts recommend bracing to the age of four years, but this can be challenging for families, and may not be necessary in all patients. The purpose of this study is to compare patterns of bracing and age of relapse to help determine if predictable patterns exist. Methods: The 70 patients with idiopathic clubfoot treated initially with the Ponseti technique who had relapse of their clubfoot were identified. Relapse was defined as a return to casting or surgery due to recurrent deformity. Data collected included demographics, treatment and brace adherence. Patients who sustained initial relapse before the age of two years were compared with those who sustained initial relapse after the age of two years. Results: In total 56% (39/70) had their initial relapse prior to age two years while 44% (31/70) were after age two years. Of the patients who relapsed prior to the age of two years, 28% (11/39) were adherent with bracing while 72% were non-­adherent. For patients who initially relapsed after age two, 74% (23/31) were adherent with bracing while 26% were non-adherent (p < 0.001). Of those who had initial ­relapse ­prior to age two, a subsequent relapse was seen in 69% (27/39). Conclusion: Patients with idiopathic clubfoot who experienced recurrence prior to age two years are significantly more likely to be non-adherent with bracing than those who sustain recurrence after age two. After initial relapse prior to age two, bracing adherence does not affect likelihood of subsequent recurrence.
Published Version: doi:10.1302/1863-2548.11.170016
Other Sources: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5643930/pdf/
Terms of Use: This article is made available under the terms and conditions applicable to Other Posted Material, as set forth at http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:dash.current.terms-of-use#LAA
Citable link to this page: http://nrs.harvard.edu/urn-3:HUL.InstRepos:34492189
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