IRAK2 directs stimulus-dependent nuclear export of inflammatory mRNAs

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IRAK2 directs stimulus-dependent nuclear export of inflammatory mRNAs

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Title: IRAK2 directs stimulus-dependent nuclear export of inflammatory mRNAs
Author: Zhou, Hao; Bulek, Katarzyna; Li, Xiao; Herjan, Tomasz; Yu, Minjia; Qian, Wen; Wang, Han; Zhou, Gao; Chen, Xing; Yang, Hui; Hong, Lingzi; Zhao, Junjie; Qin, Luke; Fukuda, Koichi; Flotho, Annette; Gao, Ji; Dongre, Ashok; Carman, Julie A; Kang, Zizhen; Su, Bing; Kern, Timothy S; Smith, Jonathan D; Hamilton, Thomas A; Melchior, Frauke; Fox, Paul L; Li, Xiaoxia

Note: Order does not necessarily reflect citation order of authors.

Citation: Zhou, H., K. Bulek, X. Li, T. Herjan, M. Yu, W. Qian, H. Wang, et al. 2017. “IRAK2 directs stimulus-dependent nuclear export of inflammatory mRNAs.” eLife 6 (1): e29630. doi:10.7554/eLife.29630.
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Abstract: Expression of inflammatory genes is determined in part by post-transcriptional regulation of mRNA metabolism but how stimulus- and transcript-dependent nuclear export influence is poorly understood. Here, we report a novel pathway in which LPS/TLR4 engagement promotes nuclear localization of IRAK2 to facilitate nuclear export of a specific subset of inflammation-related mRNAs for translation in murine macrophages. IRAK2 kinase activity is required for LPS-induced RanBP2-mediated IRAK2 sumoylation and subsequent nuclear translocation. Array analysis showed that an SRSF1-binding motif is enriched in mRNAs dependent on IRAK2 for nuclear export. Nuclear IRAK2 phosphorylates SRSF1 to reduce its binding to target mRNAs, which promotes the RNA binding of the nuclear export adaptor ALYREF and nuclear export receptor Nxf1 loading for the export of the mRNAs. In summary, LPS activates a nuclear function of IRAK2 that facilitates the assembly of nuclear export machinery to export selected inflammatory mRNAs to the cytoplasm for translation.
Published Version: doi:10.7554/eLife.29630
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