Sense and Immunity: Context-Dependent Neuro-Immune Interplay

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Sense and Immunity: Context-Dependent Neuro-Immune Interplay

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Title: Sense and Immunity: Context-Dependent Neuro-Immune Interplay
Author: Foster, Simmie L.; Seehus, Corey R.; Woolf, Clifford J.; Talbot, Sébastien

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Citation: Foster, Simmie L., Corey R. Seehus, Clifford J. Woolf, and Sébastien Talbot. 2017. “Sense and Immunity: Context-Dependent Neuro-Immune Interplay.” Frontiers in Immunology 8 (1): 1463. doi:10.3389/fimmu.2017.01463.
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Abstract: The sensory nervous and immune systems, historically considered autonomous, actually work in concert to promote host defense and tissue homeostasis. These systems interact with each other through a common language of cell surface G protein-coupled receptors and receptor tyrosine kinases as well as cytokines, growth factors, and neuropeptides. While this bidirectional communication is adaptive in many settings, helping protect from danger, it can also become maladaptive and contribute to disease pathophysiology. The fundamental logic of how, where, and when sensory neurons and immune cells contribute to either health or disease remains, however, unclear. Our lab and others’ have begun to explore how this neuro-immune reciprocal dialog contributes to physiological and pathological immune responses and sensory disorders. The cumulative results collected so far indicate that there is an important role for nociceptors (noxious stimulus detecting sensory neurons) in driving immune responses, but that this is highly context dependent. To illustrate this concept, we present our findings in a model of airway inflammation, in which nociceptors seem to have major involvement in type 2 but not type 1 adaptive immunity.
Published Version: doi:10.3389/fimmu.2017.01463
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